India's struggle for independence, 1857-1947. New Delhi, India: Penguin Books, 1989. Print. Mill, James. The History of British India.
As the list of grievances that affected them grew, the Indian sepoys (Hindu and Muslim soldiers) had begun to take matters into their own hands, and rallied together to form the Rebellion of 1857, which was one of the signs of India’s early attempts of planning to achieve national liberation from Britain . The aftermath that followed the Rebellion of 1857, changed India’s relationship with Britain for worse, as it created mistrust, suspicion, racial antagonism, discrimination, and a “war of races” . The relationship between India and Britain can be dated far back at the appearance of British East India Company (who held the paramount power in India until the end of the Rebellion), and the beginning of textile trading between Britain and India . However, it was not just the power the East India Company had in India that Britain was interested in, but India’s “vast reservoir of wealth, upon which individuals, institutions, and governments could draw without restraint” . Britain saw that if India became part of its Empire and was under its control, it could “gain absolute control over its riches and resources” .
The 1857 uprising marks India’s initial war of independence. The revolt is attributed to the efforts of disgruntled sepoys, Muslim elites that were dissatisfied with British rule, and the organization of a number of Indian leaders. The main reason for the war is that the Indians were dissatisfied with British efforts to erode their traditions, especially following the introduction of Christianization. Indians intended to get back what they to Great Britain. Though the Indians thought that they would be successful in their revolt, the British army managed to defeat them.
New York: The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995. Cumming, William P., and Hugh Rankin. The Fate of a Nation: The American Revolution Through Contemporary Eyes. London: Phaidon Press Limited, 1995. Fleming,Thomas.
Chatterjee, Partha. “Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World: A DervativeDiscourse.” Tokyo: Zed books, 1986. Doniger, Wendy. “The Hindus: An Alternative History.” New York: Penguin, 2009. Print.
The mutiny occurred due to many factors, most of which were down to British greed and disrespect of... ... middle of paper ... ...cisive that they “exploded the myth that the real Indians were indifferent to the call of nationalism” . Congress was in fact so effective that “the British could not seriously question the competence of congress to rule in their stead” . The idea that the Indians were capable of self-government was a new one to the British – it had previously been thought that the Indians were incapable of forming any effective and coherent government; however the Government of India act had two major effects; it proved that the British were no longer needed to run India, and it united Indian nationalists under the banner of Congress. The desired effect of “tying India to Britain” could not have been further from the reality. Nonetheless, even during the most extreme periods of civil disobedience, Congress had never come close to overthrowing the Raj.
However, as India got closer to independence, Hindus and Muslims began to disagree on government but in 1947 independence was granted. Immediately after independence India was split into two different nations, Pakistan, which had a majority of Muslim, and East Pakistan (“The End of Imperialism & Colonialism”). The 190 years of Imperialism in India by the British were over all a negative experience for the country. However, a few good things did come out of imperialism like transportation. Britain became selfish and inconsiderate towards the Indian people and only did what helped their country and their economy.
This paper will analyze the positives, negatives and the overall influence of the imperialistic empire. Influenced by the Industrial Revolution, imperialism enabled countries such as India access to advanced technology and innovation, which in turn made is possible for them to become major players in trade. In addition to increased trade, British influence also prevented the political and social system of their colonies from crumbling within. However, there were still negative aspects of the British rule upon the different peoples. Moreover, each different colony the British ruled longed for a sense of nationalism and hence the revolts and turmoil.
[Accessed: 23/05/14] Kagan, D 1996, The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, Cornell University Press, London Ste. Croix, G. E. M. d, 2001, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War, Duckworth Publishers, London Thucydides 432 BCE, History of the Peloponnesian War, trans. R Warner, Penguin, London
Eldridge, C. C., England’s Mission, Macmillan, London, 1973. Eldridge, C. C., Victorian Imperialism, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1978. Martin, H., Britain in the Nineteenth Century, Nelson, Cheltenham, 1996. Porter, B., The Lion’s Share: A short history of British Imperialism 1850-1983, Longman, London, Second Edition, 1984. Shannon, R., The Age of Salisbury 1881-1902, Longman, London, 1996.