The two main types of incarceration include short-term, which is used for minor crimes and offenses, and long-term incarceration which are major crimes that involve major rehabilitation. Short-term incarceration is exactly how it sounds, it is a form of confinement that lasts for only a short period of time. It is reserved for the minor crimes that are committed in order to give the correct punishment to the guilty offender. These short-term incarceration places house current and future inmates. The short-term punishments include the obvious such as more jail time, but it could also mean other forms of punishment such as house arrest, parole, work release programs, rehab, and also probation. These punishments are meant to confine the offender …show more content…
If they are lucky enough to be granted parole, they must “participate in intensive supervision programs, not leave the designated city/state without permission, maintain regular employment, not use drugs or alcohol, and submit to urinalysis or blood testing when instructed” (Prison Fellowship). These are just a few of the rules that one must follow while on probation or parole, and it might sound like a lot to a normal person, but it comes with the cost of freedom. There are so many rules and guidelines to follow because it is imperative for a newly released inmate to prove how much he/she has changed, and the value that they can add to society. If they are just going back to their old ways, then there would be no reason to release them from sentencing early, and these rules help them stay out of trouble. With “nearly 70 percent of offenders serving a portion of their correctional sentence through some form of community supervision or treatment program,” (Corrections pg. 71) it shows that this is a proven method in helping these persons get used to being a part of society again. The main point of any type of incarceration is to rehabilitate the offender, whether its jail, prison, or house arrest. They are supposed to come out on the other side as a better person and a better human being that they were before, and probation and parole are some of the last steps in the
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Corrections are a necessary tool to protect society from those who do harm to others or to others property. Depending on the type of crime that was committed, and if the crime is considered a state or federal charge, also depends on where the person sentenced will do his time. There are four main sentencing options available; prison, probation, probation and confinement, and prison and community split. When a person is sentenced to do their time in prison most likely they will go to a state or federal prison. If a person is ordered probation, it prevents them from going to jail but they have stipulations on their probation. This is called intermediate sanctions, which are the various new correctional options used as adjuncts to and part of probation. Some intermediate sanctions include restitution, fines, day fines, community service, intensive supervised probation, house arrest, electronic monitoring, and shock incarceration.
There are different eras of prison. The reformatory era, industrial era, punitive era, treatment era, community era, and warehousing era are the different types of era of prisons. The Reformatory Era lasted from 1870-1910. The Reformatory era was good for prisoners because it actually teach them discipline while they were incarcerated. The inmates were getting education and vocational programs that can later help them become successful in life. They were getting quality skills. Furthermore, they will help them with how to be in economically self-supportive when they will get out of prison. After prison they will get parole and visit their parole officer every month and be going to rehabilitation program. Secure holding and/or monitoring of offenders. In the industrial era, there were large volumes of factories growing, and inmates worked in factories for very cheap. Punitive Era was from 1935 to 1945. This era focused on punishment. Treatment Era was from 1945 to 1967. This era was focused on fixing the offender. Community Era was from 1967 to 1980. In this era, they believed inmate should privileges, halfway houses, and a work release program. Warehousing Era was from 1980-1995. In this era, they believed that incarcerating as many people as they could protect the society. It made the growth of prison overcrowding. Just Desserts Era is from 1995 to the present. This era believed that incarceration is appropriate punishment for criminal behavior.
In the creative writing assignment I decided to explore a narrative that revolves around the idea of a connection between one man and his past. In this story, I created a scenario where two individuals become pen pals with one another and begin to write each other letters. Billy is a young boy who enjoys the simple childish enjoyments of life such as the great outdoors who serves as more of a background role in the tale. The majority of tale, however, focuses on a character of the name inmate #48209. Through his name and a series of references and foreshadowing, the reader learns that this character is incarcerated. The character throughout the story deals with the trouble of wanting to know what lies beyond the horizon. As the tale goes on it is revealed that inmate #48209 is actually Billy in the future who is writing to his
Most black Americans are under the control of the criminal justice today whether in parole or probation or whether in jail or prison. Accomplishments of the civil rights association have been challenged by mass incarceration of the African Americans in fighting drugs in the country. Although the Jim Crow laws are not so common, many African Americans are still arrested for very minor crimes. They remain disfranchised and marginalized and trapped by criminal justice that has named them felons and refuted them their rights to be free of lawful employment and discrimination and also education and other public benefits that other citizens enjoy. There is exists discernment in voting rights, employment, education and housing when it comes to privileges. In the, ‘the new Jim crow’ mass incarceration has been described to serve the same function as the post civil war Jim crow laws and pre civil war slavery. (Michelle 16) This essay would defend Michelle Alexander’s argument that mass incarcerations represent the ‘new Jim crow.’
Within society, more men than women are imprisoned. However, women’s incarceration rates have significantly increased since the 1980s. International Centre for Prison Studies found that more than 200,000 US women are confined in the prison population in 2013. Despite the figure, most women were serving sentences for nonviolent offenses. Women were usually incarcerated primarily for property crimes, drug offenses and victims of domestic violence. Statistic found that only one-third of imprisoned women were sentenced for violent crimes. While 56 percent of imprisoned women were sentenced for non-violence crimes. This essay will critically discuss the different experiences of female prisoners. This essay will also highlight the issues faced by
How is it that ex-felons are not allowed to vote once they have served their time in prison? Why is it that a nation who is considered to be democratic like the United States does not allow ex-felons to vote even after serving time in prison? Meanwhile, other developed and industrialized nations allow their incarcerated population form part of the electorates. Is our criminal justice system objective as we think of it?
According to the Oxford Index, “whether called mass incarceration, mass imprisonment, the prison boom, or hyper incarceration, this phenomenon refers to the current American experiment in incarceration, which is defined by comparatively and historically extreme rates of imprisonment and by the concentration of imprisonment among young, African American men living in neighborhoods of concentrated disadvantage.” It should be noted that there is much ambiguity in the scholarly definition of the newly controversial social welfare issue as well as a specific determination in regards to the causes and consequences to American society. While some pro arguments cry act as a crime prevention technique, especially in the scope of the “war on drugs’.
People who go into jail or prison often get accustom to that way of life and that makes it extremely difficult to achieve recidivism. These people now have the stigma of being a convict. However probation allows that person to still keep their same job, and still lead a somewhat normal lifestyle as long as they stay out of trouble. This also keeps cost of the criminal justice system down because it cost less to have someone of probation than it does to keep someone incarcerated. Probation can be used more effectively if a probation officers caseload can be lowered to the point where they can do daily check-ups of all of their people of probation.
The overall goal of correctional facilities can be broken down into three main functions which are retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation of the inmates. Today, there is much debate on rather private or public prison admiration is best to suit those goals. In a private prison the inmates are contracted out to a third party from either local, state, or federal government agencies (Smith 2012). Public prisons are where the government themselves house and supply the inmate’s basic needs with no third party involved. However, a large portion of the argument of private verses public prisons is over, which is best in achieving those goals more efficiently.
Every child deserves a second chance, don’t they? These opinions could be swayed one way or another, depending on perspective. The kind of actions these children have committed have been present for generations and more to come. Innocent people have been harmed, killed ,and even slaughtered due to the underaged, innocent, and immature children. They have been given life in prison without parole and even the death penalty. Many would consider this a violation of the 8th amendment because of the unusual punishment. There are many others who believe the punishments aren't harsh enough. While I can see that a child doesn't know what it's doing, there is still reason to punish him just like we would for not brushing their
However, the United States penal system evolved in such a way that the rehabilitation of offenders became the primary focus instead of punishment as the main objective. Today, the correctional system offers different alternatives to imprisonment. For example, parole is “the conditional release of inmates by a parole board prior to the expiration of their sentence”. (Seiter, p. 149). I believe that parole is a better alternative to imprisonment because the offender is still serving time for the crime they committed, and if the offender becomes eligible for parole he or she could be released from prison early. However, if the offender violates the conditions of their parole then that individual will go before a parole board and may return to prison and finish out their
The correctional system punishes offenders by sentencing them to serve time in jail or prison. Others forms of punishment include being sentenced to probation, community service, and/or restitution. Jail is a locally operated short-term confinement facilities originally built to hold suspects following arrest and pending trial (Schmalleger, 2009). A prison is state or ...
The United States of America contains the third largest population in the world, as well as the world’s largest prison population (Aliprandini and Finley). In order for the large criminal justice system to be successful, it must have a strong parole system. But the U.S. parole system is known to have a multitude of problems within it. Many of these problems can be solved by focusing on the relationships between the parole officers and the parolees (a person on parole). By participating in systems to better the work ethic of parole officers. Following through to fixing these affairs may seem unrealistic, however the outcome would be beneficial to society.