Muhammad and the Conquests of Islam. London: McGraw-Hill , 1968. Web. Mohammad, Noor. “The Doctrine of Jihad: An Introduction.” Journal of Law and Religion 3.2(1985): 381-397.
The primary aim of jihad in the form of warfare is not the conversion of non-Muslims to Islam by force, but rather the expansion and defense of the Islamic state. However, practicing lesser Jihad has many controversies; different people have different ideas and interpretations about what Jihad means. Islamic religious parties and militias such as Al Qaida feel that Jihad is a priority in the modern era. They believe that the Umma, or ‘Islamic community,’ is in danger and it is the proper time to declare Jihad against non Muslims and Muslims who assist foreign influences and occupiers who are trying to invade the community of Islam. Other groups of Muslims and govern... ... middle of paper ... ...OD.
The key issue in the Middle East, increasingly, has less to do with the Arab-Israeli conflict and more to do with fundamentalist Islam. What is fundamentalist Islam? On the one hand, it manifests itself as a new religious conviction, reaffirming faith in an awe-inspiring God. On the other hand, it appears as a militant ideology, demanding political action now. One day its spokesmen call for a jihad (sacred war) against the West, evoking the deepest historic resentments.
According to the Quran and supporting Islamic texts, jihad means striving. However, there are several words and phrases, that when coupled with jihad, display a variety of sentiments. The phrase fi sabil Allah, "in God's path," can be interpreted as fighting for the sake of God. When paired with the word ribat, jihad is related to warfare or pious doings/activism (Bonner 2006). Jihad represents a fight that has provided Muslims with a solid base of military efficiency demonstrated historically in early Islam.
Bennett, C. (2010) Studying Islam: the critical issues. London: Continuum Cox, J.L. (2010) An Introduction to the Phenomenology of Religion. London: Continuum Khan, A.H. (1978) ‘Muhammad as Object and Subject’. Studies in Religion, 7: 4, pp.
In order to better understand the answer to this question, we must look at some of the factors that influence the relationship between Islam and Democracy. According to Daniel E. Price, there are seven major categories of influences on the relationship between Islam and Democracy. These are historical influences, regime strength, regime strategy for dealing with political Islam, Islamic political groups, modernization/economics/demographics, politicized sectarian, ethnic, linguistic, or class cleavages, and minority religious groups. In history, there have been several notable aspects of society that have influence on Muslim countries. Colonialism has obviously induced a sort of backfiring from Radical Islam, and it is for this reason that most Muslim Countries that have had a history of Colonialism have a stronger presence of Radical Islam.
Like the famous Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X was a major leader in the Civil Rights Movement. Though Malcolm X's actions were political religion played an important role in determining what actions to take. This paper will investigate to what extent the teachings of the Nation of Islam influenced Malcolm X's actions during the Civil Rights Movement? The paper will focus on biographical and factual information regarding Malcolm X during the Civil Rights Movement in order to analyze any impacts of religion. The method in which this question will be examined is first noting the religion of Malcolm X, describing certain ideals of the religion that relate to ideals of the Civil Rights Movement, and understanding how Malcolm X gained his religious beliefs.
In Zainab Ali's book, "Unveiling Islam: What Muslims Believe," she explains the basic beliefs of a Muslim. She also elaborates on the images of Muslims in the media created by important leaders such as Saddam Hussein and Louis Farrakhan and how they contradict the Islamic belief. The writer then gives her explaination of these contradictions with respect to Islamic rules. She focuses on the rules of the faith - the five pillars of Islam - by provinding explanations, definitions, and examples. After an elaboration of each pillar, the writer explains the relevance of the pillars in life and the affects that the pillars have on the character of a true Muslim.
“The New World Order and the Tempo of Militant Islam.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. Volume 24, Issue 1 (1997. 5), 5-24. O'Brien, Robert, et al. Contesting Glboal Governance.