Ann Taylor Mohrmann December 5, 2014 Dr. Uryadova The Adventures of Ibn Battuta, by Ross. E Dunn: The Mechanics of Travel Ibn Battuta, a world traveler, a writer, a lawyer. All of these occupations shaped the life and journey that we would share about in the rihla. The stories of his travels and why he started his journey in the first place are in this book, rihla. These journeys were not cheep and came with a very high price. Thankfully there were people along the way to give a helping hand to Ibn Battuta when he was in need. While some of these methods of traveling were dangerous it never seemed to stop him or slow him down. The Rihla The Rihla, book of travels, was a “record of Ibn Battuta’s experiences, as well as his observations …show more content…
They could keep each other safe, as well as, provide for each other. “To sail east or west from one sea to the other was a more dangerous and exacting feat that the crossing.” (Dunn, 12) Because of the winds and other obstacles, such as, sandbars and reefs. Even though this method was more dangerous, the merchant ships were using this method more frequently. Dunn explains, “Whether by land or sea, getting to Mecca was a risky affair.” (Dunn, 29) If a traveler decided that sea was going to be his method of traveling, he would have to “brave storms, pirates, and hostile navies.” (Dunn, 29) For the safety of the pilgrims they traveled with the company of others. Dunn explains why Ibn Battuta refused to set sail with company on the Red Sea because, “The Red Sea was the most relentlessly dangerous of the waters on which the Mediterranean-to-China connection depended.” (Dunn, 110) While it has been discussed that traveling by sea is the most dangerous, there was a method for survival during storms, “haul down the yard, jettison the cargo, and make vows to God.” (Dunn, 121) The practiced this mostly during the monsoon season, “when only a very brave captain or a fool would dare to approach the western cost of India.” (Dunn, 121) While Ibn Battuta knew that it was safer to travel with people, so me people didn’t always follow that advice. Ibn Ziri went ahead of the group and got lost in the desert. Even though there is a jubilant spirit that goes along with making the pilgrimage to Mecca it is a long, dangerous, and exhausting
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He decided to improve the status of his land on his arrival from a pilgrimage from Mecca in 1324. Furthermore, he transformed his trading city of Timbuktu to a center of learning and religion and built a mass, which set a new style of architecture in West Africa. “Caravans of Gold” underlines the importance of Timbuktu because it concentrated on African scholarship, politics, teaching theology, and Islamic law. Timbuktu was a significant place in Africa during this time because it became a market right after and made a profit for the region. Likewise, it was a religious, cultural, and profitable center whose people traveled north across the Sahara through Morocco and Algeria to other parts of Africa, Europe, and Asia. According to The History of Africa, “Because of his devotion to Islam, Mansa Musa strengthened Islam and promoted education, trade, and commerce in Mali” (Asante, 2014, pg. 135). It was a successful center for the trans-Saharan gold and salt trade and grew as the center of Islam. This statement launches the truth that Timbuktu supported Islamic values and knowledge because it was a city most well-known for the education of important scholars whose backgrounds were of Islam. Asante supports the fact that Mansa Musa was effective in reforming the city of Timbuktu and the trade in that area. Asante also states that “Musa did not forget the control of the gold and salt; it was fundamental for the
Moroccan traveler, Ibn Battuta, is well-known for being one of the greatest travelers of his time. Battuta’s descriptive account of his travels to East and West Africa in the fourteenth century provides important insight into African Islamic life at that point in time. Although Battuta and the peoples in black Africa shared the same religion, he comes to realize that sharing a religion is not enough to completely relate to a different group of people. The story of Ibn Battuta in Black Africa illustrates the difficulties he faced in relating to these peoples due to the non-traditional role of women, different religious customs, and frequent misinterpretation of situations.
Khaled Hosseini’s goals in The Kite Runner are to create an immediate impact on the reader to the pain and suffering in Kabul, Afghanistan. The author successfully uses vivid (sometimes vulgar) descriptions to paint a realistic portrait of a country that most readers probably have very little connection to. On top of illustrating the gruesome setting of Kabul, Hosseini also emotionally connects the reader to the characters by using flashbacks and a first person point of view. The story is mainly narrated by the main character Amir, who
Through their books, the authors demonstrate their cultural expectations for the rulers. Einhard believes that a ruler should set an example, and shows forced conversions of people in a positive light. Ibn Battuta’s cultural expectations are much more personal –he judges a culture based upon how well he is treated by the rulers. Since he is a scholar of Sharia Law, he thinks that he inherently deserves gifts from rulers. His knowledge of law also causes him to frown upon instances where Islam is not being strictly followed. Despite this slight since of bias, these books serve as rich records of an archaic period in history filled with magnificent kings and leaders.
Overall, Khaled Hosseini wrote a story, based on experiences from his own life and the history of Afghanistan from the turn of the 20th century until present day. He added the universal human theme of being good again, allowing this book and these characters to appeal to readers everywhere. He also crafted one of the most successful and popular novels in the Afghan American genre. Looking at the The Kite Runner from the outside in, or from the perspective of the author’s life and Afghanistan’s past, it is easy to see that Hosseini manages to open the eyes of the Western reader. A person on this side of the International Date Line is forced to reconsider their general perspective and beliefs about Muslims and Afghanistan after picking up The Kite Runner.
The medieval Islamic word for journey, Rihla, was originally associated with camelback riding. Rihla has become to be known a type of literature that fostered “the concept of al-riḥla fī ṭalab al-ʿilm, travel in search of knowledge” and is commonly used in conjunction with Ibn Battuta (“Encyclopedia of Islam”). His Rihla provides insightful detail into the daily life of Islamic culture. Initially Ibn Battuta was both young and ambitious to become a traveler. His inexperience did not prove to be an issue and he would make difficult decisions such as abandoning his belongings to continue traveling when he got sick (44). The nature of Ibn Battuta’s Rihla was nurtured by the customs and cultures in the Dar al-Islam, the territory controlled by
With the possibility of converting new Christians curtailed in the Ottoman neighbors to the East, and a mounting trade deficit with Asia, the kings of Portugal, Spain and England – amongst others – started looking for alternatives to the trade status quo. At first the Dutch and Portuguese sought direct access to Chinese and Indian suppliers by staying along the African coast all the way around the continent in order to reach the source of silk and spice. However, in order for European trade ships to reach their goal, they had to sail through waters that were controlled by Muslim traders that were not willing to release their monopoly without a fight. Therefore, it wasn’t long before the process of rounding Africa was brought into question and it was believed a more direct route to Asia could be found by crossing the Atlantic.
Foster care purpose is to provide temporary housing for children who have been removed from their home due to neglect, abuse or any other act that deemed the home or parent unfit. Not only does a human service workers work provide counseling for children that have been placed in foster care, but it is also important for them to work with the biological parents and provide support to the foster parents. You mentioned in your post that clients must be fully engaged in order to receive a positive outcome. Biological parents must be willing to receive all the resources available from human services specialist in hopes to be reunited with their child and prepare them for the transition and immediately placed back in the home. Achieving
Mindi Abair has been nominated two times for a Grammy. That is just how awesome she is. She is a American saxophonist, vocalist, author, and President of the Los Angeles Chapter of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the organization that does The Grammys.
“The Kite Runner” is the first novel by Khaled Hosseini. Published in 2003 and filmed in 2007, it tells the story of Amir, a boy from the Pashtun ethnic group in district of Kabul, and Hassan, the son of Amir’s father servant Ali. The author of “The Kite Runner” wrote his book in a very unique way. He put whole his soul to create all the strength of his characters. He did what he thought was right as he based on the actual facts about the life in Afghanistan during the war. It would be fair to compare his film and the life of Amir to the history of Afghanistan and its complicated life. The theme of friendship, the theme of war and the theme of Muslim people are all things that represented in the film.
My name Ameenah Yamini, I am now 18 years old. I’m a senior at Frederick Douglass High School. I am the 12th child out of all my brother and sisters. It’s 7 girls and 5 boys, I know I have a big family. I used to live with both of my parents until my daddy died back in 2012, so now it’s just my mom and me. I used to have a job at Papa Johns in Dunwoody but I had to let it go because I have to focus on my school work. All i worry about is school, nothing else.
To Mr. David Ibarra (Ibarra Foundation) My name is Silvia Araoz, I am from Peru. I am very grateful because I am one of the winners of the Ibarra Foundation Scholarship. This scholarship will give me the opportunity to finish my Paralegal Program at Salt Lake Community College. Now, I will be able to face this competitive life and develop my professional legal career helping immigrant people who is still struggling to find a bright path for them and their families. As a single mom and hispanic immigrant woman we deserve a better environment to life with regulations and laws that can help us to be successful in our lives. We come to this country with a commitment to contribute to its greatness, most of us are unskilled but our strongness and
Ibn Battuta, Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354, tr. and ed. H. A. R. Gibb (London: Broadway
Discovering a route to India was an extremely momentous event, and made a big impact in the European trading system. Vasco da Gama’s life was full of hard work, discovery, and exploration. He was able to bring back much wealth for Portugal, and his successful voyages changed trade during his time and beyond.