According to Bush (2003), the security situation in the world is challenged by ever increasing global terrorism. Introduction of counterfeit products, the need for reinforcement of anti-dumping policies, drug and human trafficking remains a real threat in U.S. (U.S. Customs and Border Protection [CBP]. 2013). Sometimes, balancing between ethics and regional safety remains an elusive aspect (Bush, 2003). Ethical... ... middle of paper ... ...sis.
Human trafficking is a transnational crime of global proportion. This form of criminal depravity pervades every county in the world; with victims numbering in the hundreds of thousands (Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC), 2014). The highest numbers of victims hail from Asia and the former Soviet Union (Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC), 2014). “Human trafficking is a grave violation of human rights (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2014)”. The act of human trafficking is defined as transporting, recruiting, harboring, transferring, and receiving of human beings against their will (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2014).
Well within every country’s walls is an underground scene that exploits people in any way that it can. These exploitations happen with or without the consent of those being exploited. Human trafficking and migrant smuggling are two similar but also different issues that affect virtually every country in the world. Human trafficking is defined as “the acquisition of people by improper means such as force, fraud or deception, with the aim of exploiting them” (United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, 2012) while smuggling migrants is “the procurement for financial or other material benefit of illegal entry of a person into a State of which that person is not a national or resident” (United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, 2012). While migrant smuggling may be one aspect of trafficking, it is not an accurate illustration of the phenomenon(Obokata, 2006).
Human trafficking, or the selling and buying of people, is a well-hidden yet prominent issue within today’s society. It is both an immoral and horrific topic that needs brought to attention and dealt with. When human beings are manipulated into work, sexual servitude, or economic hardship, human trafficking is occurring. In the year of 2006, only one individual is convicted of human trafficking per 800 victims (UNGIFT). By looking at straight statistics, reasons human trafficking happens, and the toll it has on people, it is very clear that this is a major issue that is happening in our world.
According to Jay Albanese organized crime is a continuing criminal enterprise that is rationally working to produce profit through illicit activities based on demand, where its existence is kept through force, threats, and corruption (Albanese 2004). When looking at transnational organized crime, we are looking at crimes that involve crossing national borders and individuals who work within more than one country to complete illicit business endeavors. I argue that political and systemic issues as well as outside influences leave weaker governed countries more exposed to the risks of transnational organized crime. I will be exploring four different areas related to this topic in order to understand why these countries experience an abundance of transnational crime; how it has become available through globalization, whereby the world has become an increasingly smaller place; factors that allow for countries to become more susceptible to criminal activity; the international moral panic that allows for policy control and global influence; and a link between organized crime and terrorism and its use to larger countries. This is an important topic because as the world shrinks our connection to one another grows and the influence one faces may cause repercussions upon all of us one day.
Critical consideration towards the scale and scope of the issue and how the agencies police them on a global scale as well as individual countries, will also be discussed, and reasons for why there may be an argument as to which issue poses more of a threat and why, will be regarded. The increase and advance in technology over the years is largely responsible for the current way crime is portrayed in the media within today's society. In order for a story or an event to be publicised in the media, the incident has to be newsworthy for its unexpected and astonishing nature by attaining the key aspects... ... middle of paper ... ...shing: Devon. Madson, F. (2009). Transnational Organised Crime.Global Institutions: Routledge, Oxon.
Taking place in the shadows of the global and regional economy, human trafficking is a serious offense that warrants more invasive legislation for nations to follow. This paper examines the existing convention addressing human trafficking while commenting on the auxiliary laws that should be made in the future to safeguard worldwide human rights. The overwhelming integration of human trafficking in modern society demonstrates a severe crisis in both regional and transnational societies; figures suggest the scale of human trafficking is in dire need of relief. The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime operates as the initial, legally binding solution to human trafficking, however is not practical in application. Alternative forms of legislation must be implemented as a supplementary feature to prevent the grave encroachment upon human rights.
Global estimates of human trafficking range from six hundred thousand to four million victims each year – the majority being victims of sex trafficking (McCabe, & Manian, 2010). These women, men, and children are considered the backbone of one of the world’s most profitable industries forced to do the unthinkable before being discarded. In response to the overwhelming growth of the business, many nations (including the United States) have set out to prevent, prosecute, and rehabilitate offenders and victims alike. Despite this, many nations struggle to follow the definition of “trafficking” and more people are abducted and sold. As such, revisions to these global efforts need to be made to acknowledge the growing business and to consider what social/psychological implications it has on the victims.
UNODC also monitors the involvement of countries to deter the drug problem, propose new legal assistance, extradition and work with the law enforcement (Organized Crime 2010) Transnational Crime Applying Law Enforcement The definitions of transnational crime surpasses borders by committing criminal acts that violate the laws (Reichel 2008) Successful law enforcement is essential in the struggle... ... middle of paper ... ...pt as respectful as necessary to human rights and avoid measures that reflect further terrorism. Evaluating how we see the criminals, terrorists and corruption as interconnected with transnational crime, will determine how successful the benefits of globalization will be (The Globalization of Crime and Terrorism 2008) Conclusion Transnational crime is on the rise is the United States along with international department in the war against criminal activities . UNODC serves as an umbrella in the organization that assists UN countries in their struggles with drugs, crime and terrorism. Examples that helps stability, promote criminal justice systems to combat transnational crime in the areas of organized crime, corruption and drugs. These areas of concern are detailed in programs that encourage behavior and adherence to principles and procedures (Reichel 2008)