Delegation is the process by which a superior gives responsibility or assigns part of their authentic authority to a subordinate. These responsibilities are usually given to staffs that are qualified and experienced. The purpose of the delegation process is to help out the superiors and also take some stress off
There are three common organizational structures and those structures are the horizontal structure, the departmentalization structure, and the vertical structure. The vertical structure is composed of work specialization, which allows employees to specialize in a small specific task to increase efficiency. Work is then categorized in to different divisions also known as the division of labor. In the vertical structure chain of command exists. In the chain of command there are two types of principles,
The organizational chart of Apple Inc. includes three key elements which are centralization, span of control, and departmentalization. Centralization is defined as the foundation of power and control which in this case is the CEO of the company, Timothy D. Cook. The next part of the organizational chart is the span of control; it refers to the amount of people a manager overlooks (BUSN 235). Since Apple Inc. is a rather large corporation there are numerous managers who overlook lower-ranking employees in the office. There is not a specified amount of employees that are assigned to one particular manager. It is based on what the strengths and weaknesses are of the manager and subordinates, the workload, as well as the location of the staff members (235). The last part of the organizational chart is departmentalization; the breakdown of employees into rational groups such as functional, product, and geographical, customer, and process (235). The ones that apply to Apple is functional, product, and geographical. Functional departmentalization involves separat...
A tall organization is a more formal, huge and complicated organization structure and management system. Tall organizations have created multiple levels of management, and thus there is a lot of managers in the organization. The management flow in the organization is based on the chain of the command, which is the employee receive and follow the instruct...
Job rotation is the process of rotating the workers so that they can perform different task which involve different muscle group and other muscle group which already in fatigue could have adequate recovery time.
Shukla, G. (2005). Job rotation & how it works. Money. (April 27 Issue) Retrieved from: http://www.rediff.com/money/2005/apr/27spec1.htm
Hierarchy in an organization entails a structure whereby every department apart from one, is a subsidiary of another single entity. It starts with authority from the top up to the lowest level of management in the organization. The ranking depicts the authority and power in each level. For instance the top level has more authority and powers compared to the subordinate rankings. Each level also has a specified number of individuals such that the top most which is the apex, has very few people while the base has thousands of individuals.
Also, the bureaucratic and machine models that do not give much attentions to the interdependence between various subsystems of an organization (Allen, 2010). They promote specialization that breeds departmentalization mentality, whereby the department becomes more important than the organization. They are able to focus specifically the efficiency of the organization goals.
According to Mintzberg, organisational structure is the sum total of the ways in which it divides its labour into distinct tasks and then achieves coordination among them (Mintzberg 1979). The differences in organisational cultures are often reflected in the way they are structured and managed. Organisational structure is a product of many elements, some of which are the type of business, products, customers, size and location.