The highest classes of families would employ this “army” of servants, each servant having a specific duty, and providing them all with matching uniforms. For the less wealthy families, a “maid of all works” was common, where the maid would assist with cleaning, cooking, and raising the children (Roberts 205). In families where many servants were employed, a sort of ranking system occurred, between all of the servants, and even within particular positions. Head butlers, or stewards, were considered higher in ranking than the rest of the servants. The head butler would have managerial responsibilities over the other servants of the home.
Men also, in general, lead their households by making the most income for their families and make the most financial decisions. It is clear that we still live in a patriarchal society. Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart show us that the effects of the gender gap are still evident in current times and women are burdened by the glass ceiling. Women struggle to achieve high level positions. A glass ceiling exists that limits the speed in which women can be promoted in the workplace.
This paper will show that as the upper and lower class developed, attitudes between them sprung up to show the difference between their life-styles and how the lower class wanted to break free while the upper wanted to remain in control. The upper class lived their lives in a luxurious way. They had large amounts of money they could do what they wanted with. Many of them hired maids, caretakers, or other people for around-the-house needs. These people were the lower working class who needed money to take care of their family.
The Victorian era in Britain was one of great dependency upon the women employed in domestic service. Domestic service was a very popular line of work for women in this period, in fact “about 40 percent of all women in Victorian Britain were employed…and a majority were domestic servants,” which showcases both the popularity and dependency upon domestic servant jobs. Many of the servants during this period were considered maids of all work, and it was this type of servant who ensured the efficient running and maintenance of many middle class households. This was because “the average middle class household did not usually have a valet, footman, or butler, but a cook, housemaid, and a maid of all work were essential.” Thus, revealing the reliance on a maid of all work to ensure that all duties of the household were completed. As will be discussed, becoming a domestic servant in the nineteenth century witnessed a dramatic change in viewpoint from the previous century, as the role was no longer considered a calling from God .
These are however not the only factors that affect motivation. There are other factors that influence people's attitude towards work. For example, the personal relationships and family conditions often affect the workplace performance. Ways in which employees can be motivated in such instances are some of the concerns of today's human resource managers. In such scenarios, counselling sessions need to be availed and the employee helped to get over their personal issues so that their performance at work is not affected and that their motivation is back.
The situation allows time. · Using a delegative style with a worker who knows more about the job than you. You cannot do everything! The employee needs to take ownership of her job. Also, the situation might call for you to be at other places doing other things.
Why People Choose to Work Work is an application of mental or physical effort to a purpose, which usually earns a wage or salary or provides other rewards, though some work, like housework remains unpaid. Work is an important element in occupying and directing the individual's time. The demand of working life involves a high degree of discipline if jobs are to be kept. In this assignment I will be considering and explaining the importance of motivation in the work force and also be interviewing a few people and then giving details of wages and other rewards for working; working conditions and other factors that influence their motivation. I will also review a variety of theories, which categorise workers.
This is the lower level of the Maslow Hierarchy, which in turn need money to acquire these needs. Any employee that has a job, safety is a priority. Having security in their job and the company they work for. Also a person can be motivated knowing that their employer cares about their well-being and feel part of the overall team. Building a healthy and positive relationship between employer and employee.
There are many short-term causes as to why Chartism emerged at this time. The working classes had given huge support to the middle class c... ... middle of paper ... ...sionment with the system of government they were being ruled by and called for change. People who did not work in factories were worst hit as a result of the industrial revolution. Skilled workers whose skills were no longer required or found that more modern forms of production were taking their jobs. Weavers formed the vast majority of chartists during the late 1830's and early 1840's.
Sweatshops, a factory or workplace with as many as one hundred or more workers, originated between 1830 and 1850. The term “sweatshop”, created in England, derived out of the phrase sweating, which meant the execution of tedious work at low wages. Workplaces desired to be open and ran with one aspect; to generate as much profit as possible usually in relation to the clothing industry. Owners often did not have safety measures because it proceeded to be too costly, so they often disregarded them. Industries tend to be located in developing countries such as Indonesia and Africa.