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How Napoleon Takes and Maintains Control Of Animal Farm in George Orwell's Novel

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How Napoleon Takes and Maintains Control Of Animal Farm in George Orwell's Novel

George Orwell's character Napoleon is a very clever and sly animal. He

uses several methods to take and maintain control of the farm. His

primary methods are by using fear, by exploiting the animal and by

bending the rules. Napoleon uses is intellect to good effect as far as

self-interest is concerned.

Napoleon instills fear as a way of giving the animal no chance to

argue about what he says. This allows him to run the farm in his own

manner and gives him a more confortable life than the other animals.

Early on in Animal Farm, Napoleon takes Jessie and Bluebells nine

newborn puppies. These puppies become the forefront of his campaign of

fear. He uses them to gain power by eliminating his nemesis, Snowball

"They dashed straight for Snowball…he slipped through a hole in the

hedge and was seen no more." Also, Napoleon used the dogs in the

public forum he created by setting an example of what would happen to

those animals who chose to disobey him. When it was revealed that some

of the animals had done things to side with the Snowball, Napoleon

executed them in front of everyone else. Orwell's character Squealer

was given a great ability to speak, this helped Napoleon get out of

sticky situations and inscribe fear into the animals' heads all at

once. When any of the animals questioned any of Napoleons actions, he

would confuse the animals with his intellect but would do it in a

cunning way by asking, "Surely Comrades, you do not want Jones back?"

By using this persuasive rhetorical question, the animals wouldn't

question what it was Jones had done and woul...

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...trol. The book is based on the Russian Revolution with Napoleon

representing the dictator, Stalin. Towards the end, Animal Farm looses

its democracy. Napoleon used other animals such as Squealer to

maintain control and did not give ant of the other animals a say in

what went on. This allows Napoleons self-interest to be fuelled by the

power that comes to him. To keep that power Napoleon engraves fear

into the animals' minds, exploits their hard work and bends the rules

to suit his needs. He uses militaristic tactics such as biding his

time for example when he waits until Snowballs windmill plans are

finalised before using them himself. This again ties in with the

Russian revolution. Orwell uses Napoleon to express his view on Stalin

in the ways that he keeps and maintains control of animal farm as

Stalin did of Russia.
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