Homer's Odyssey: Settings and Themes of Book 13

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Book 13 of the Odyssey begins with Odysseus finishing his tale in the King Alcinous' palace. It is King Alicinous that tells Odysseus he will give him a safe passage home to Ithaca. Odysseus is not surprisingly grateful and hopes that Alcinous and his people and island are blessed by the gods. The king then gave Odysseus a great black ship with a crew and more treasure then he could have ever gotten from Troy. The men sail Odysseus and his treasure home to Ithaca. When they arrive at Ithaca, they place Odysseus on a beach while he is sound asleep. Poseidon sees that Odysseus has reached home and asks Zeus if he can punish Odysseus for the final time. Zeus suggests he punish the Phaecians instead for helping Poseidon's enemy. Therefore, as the Phaecians' ship is just outside the reach of their harbor on the journey home…Poseidon sends the ship crashing into the rocks. Alcinous then speaks of a prophecy that his father told him - that the great god Poseidon would punish them, crash one of their ships, and raise a mountain blocking their harbor. Back on the island of Ithaca Odysseus awoke. He awoke to meet Athena disguised as a shepherd boy. Odysseus asked the boy where he was, because he had no idea, he thought the Phaecians did not bring him to his desired destination. The boy tells him Ithaca. In response to this, Odysseus created an extensive lie about who he is in front of Athena. Athena then scolded him for this. The Goddess then told Odysseus that Telemachus is with Menelaus searching for answers and tales of his father. There are three se... ... middle of paper ... ... silver, but also the riches of a safe passage home. If he had not been polite, he would probably not have been offered a ship home. Home Sweet Home was a predominant theme in this book. Odysseus yearned for home, his family, and his kingdom. It is shown in this book that there is nothing greater than your own home. Athena shows the theme of lying is bad when Odysseus fibbed. Odysseus began to create a lie and was caught in front of a goddess. One of the less obvious themes was that the Gods are arrogant. Athena speaks of herself in a manner of praise toward herself. "I am famous among the gods for wisdom…I am here once more, to weave a scheme for you…" (296) is one of the passages which shows her arrogance. Be grateful, home sweet home, honesty, and arrogance are themes in Book 13 of the Odyssey.

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