Vishnu is the preserver of the ... ... middle of paper ... ...s and that temple worship, rituals, sacraments, and personal devotionals create a communion with these devas and Gods. Also Hindus believe that a spiritually awakened master is essential to know the Transcendent Absolute. The eighth belief is that all life is scared. The last belief the Hindus share is to believe that no particular religion teacher the only way to salvation. (“9 Basic Hindu Beliefs”) Hinduism is a very popular religion.
In addition, what makes Hinduism even more complex, is that fact that it is also “viewed as a monotheistic religion, because it recognizes only one supreme God: the panentheistic principle of Brahman that all reality is a unity. The entire universe is seen as one divine entity who is simultaneously at one with the universe and who transcends it as well. [Still others] view Hinduism as Trinitarian because Brahman is simultaneously visualized as a triad - - one God with three persons” (Robinson, 1995): • Brahma the Creator who is continuing to create new realities; • Vishnu, (Krishna) the Preserver, who preserves these new creations. Whenever Dharma (eternal order, righteousness, religion, law, and duty) is threatened, Vishnu travels from heaven to earth in one of ten incarnations; • Shiva, the Destroyer, is at times compassionate, erotic, and destructive. Sacred Elements Thus, it is understandable, based on the various gods worshipped in Hinduism that one must look at th... ... middle of paper ... ... largest religion.
B. pgs. (3-29) The Living thoughts of Gotama Dogma, Urmilla, pgs. (3-29) Hinduism the oldest religion of Infinite adaptability and diversity: Ramesh Chander Dogma
Some of the Hindu scriptures are the Shruti and Smritis. The Shruti primarily refers to the Vedas which represent eternal truths revealed to ancient sages but some other Hindu individuals associated the Vedas with a God or a powerful person. The Smritis are all of the other text different than the Shruti. The most know of the Smritis are the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Although the Hindus worship a large pantheon of Gods and Goddesses, they believe in the one Supreme Power that manifests itself in various forms.
The major branches are Vaishnavism and Shaivism. These sects rely on their own set of scriptures but their focal point is the ancient Vedas. The philosophical Vedic texts, from the Aryans, involved the Upanishads in searching for knowledge on how the human beings would escape reincarnation. Hinduism has a cosmic principle Brahman, whereby they believe in rebirth after death. Hinduism emerged around the beginning of Common Era then coexisted within Buddhism for several centuries (Clearly, 2013).
India has the largest population of Hindus. Hinduism is often considered by many as a way of life. A Dharma is the law that governs all actions of the Hindu people. It includes its own beliefs, traditions, advanced system of ethics, meaningful rituals, philosophy, and theology. There are three main Gods that the Hindu’s recognize.
In Vaishnavaism they believe the Vishnu is the ultimate deity. In Shivaism they believe that Shiva is the ultimate deity. But is some rural areas a village god or an earth goddess is worshiped. Hindus are very tolerant of other faiths. The have a saying for it “The truth is One, but different Sages call it by Different Names”.
Although Hinduism is considered a major, world religion, Hindu scholars and leaders consider the Faith a way of life, not a religion. Brahman is the Hindu interpretation of God. He is the creator of the universe. Other Gods, who maintain and destroy the universe, are held in high esteem. Each Hindu yearns to reach a point in their spiritual growth when their soul is united with Brahman.
The Om symbol is considered the most sacred symbol in Hinduism and it is called the “Om” or “Aum”. It is a Sanskrit term composed of three different letters, and it is both the oral and visual representation of the Hindu god Brahman. It is also called “Pravana” (that by which god is effectively praised) or (that which is ever new). Founder Essentially, Hinduism does not have a founder as it has developed for centuries and is considered to be one of the world’s “oldest living religions” as some reference put Hinduism’s origin somewhere around 1700 B.C. *** (Mercadante, Linda A 1996, 55-89) ***I find the label of the “world’s oldest religion” somewhat ridiculous.
Hinduism today is known as Sanatana Dharma, which means eternal religion, law, cosmic order, and duty. This tradition began in the Vedic Age around the Indus Valley in India where it is said that the Vedas were created orally, but the orgins of the Vedas remains unclear. The Vedas were first written down around 1500 BCE and consist of collections of hymns containing of four parts: the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the Upanishads (LR, 39-41). The Samhitas consist of hymns worshiping Vedic gods, the Brahmanas explain the meaning of rituals and sacrifices and provide instructions for performing these acts, the Aranyakas contain philosophical texts that are known as forest treatises, and finally the Upanishads, which is comprised of sophisticated philosophy that explains personal transformation that results from ritual participation. The Rig Veda is the oldest scripture of the Vedas which praises the four devas: Indra (the god of thunder and rain), Agni (the god of fire), Soma (a sacred drink) and Ushas (the goddess of dawn).