Waardenburg Syndrome is an incurable disorder that is inherited from either one or both parents. If it came from one parent, it is an autosomal dominant pattern and if it came from both, it is known as an autosomal recessive pattern (Calendar 2013). Hearing loss, abnormalities with pigmentation of hair, eyes, and skin and other minor defects are some symptoms of Waardenburg Syndrome. There are many ways to diagnose the disorder and many treatments of the symptoms of it as well.
Deafness as first is assessed by either at birth or can become acquired as stated earlier. Acquired deafness can be damaged to the ear canal through noise or it can be a delayed onset genetic issue (medicine net). Deafness acquired at birth can be associated to a genetic disease called Waardenburg syndrome. “Waardenburg syndrome constitutes a group of genetic disorders that involve pigmentary changes, such as different colored eyes or streaks of hair” (Cleve 114). Most of the hearing loss presented at birth is contributed with being inherited with it.
Brain cells die when they do not receive their normal supply of blood, which carries oxygen and important nutrients. Other causes of brain injury are severe blows to the head, brain tumors, brain infections, and other conditions of the brain. “Individuals with Broca's aphasia have damage to the frontal lobe of the brain”. (www.aphasia.org) These individuals frequently speak in short, meaningful phrases that are produced with great effort. Broca's aphasia is thus characterized as a nonfluent aphasia.
(www.webmd.com) `There are two types of treatment options for aphasia, speech and language therapy. Some people with Aphasia do not completely regain their communication skills they had before the disorder. With speech and language therapy it can help the patient improved their language skills by relearning them, It can help better use of the residual language ability, It also can give the patient the ability to communicate in a different way, making up for missing words in speech.
It can develop beyond the tympanic membrane and cause intracranial and extracranial complications. Due to this patients can experience permanent hearing loss as a result of an infection of the inner ear as well as other serious health concerns. These include dizziness, facial nerve weakness and infections of the skull (Hall, 2013). Patients may present chronically discharging ear, hearing loss, dizziness, otalgia (ear pain), and perforations (marginal or attic). Congenital cholesteatoma Congenital cholesteatoma is relatively rare.
When a person loses these abilities to comprehend sound, it is referred to as deafness. It can be caused by disease, toxic drugs, trauma, or an inherited disorder. Those causes can be classified as conductive, sensorineural, or both. A conductive hearing loss results from damage to those parts of the ear which transmit sound vibrations in the air to the fluids of the inner ear. This type of damage is usually to the eardrum or small bones known as ossicles.
Hearing loss and tinnitus may be experienced in one or both ears, and tinnitus may continue constantly or occasionally throughout a lifetime. Continuous exposure to loud noise also can damage the structure of the hair cells, resulting in hearing loss and tinnitus. Exposure to impulse and continuous noise may cause only a temporary hearing loss. If the hearing recovers, the temporary hearing loss is called a temporary threshold shift. The temporary threshold shift largely disappears 16 to 48 hours after exposure to loud noise.
This can cause impairments also. Children can injury their cochlea causing damage. Injury like this due to loud noise for a long time. Also if there is fluid on the cochlea. This will result in sensori-neural deafness.
In essence CHIP, first and foremost serves the Anglophones of Montréal and Raymond-Dewar Institute serves the Francophone of Montréal. Hearing-impairment later in life may possibly be the consequence of many different reasons; diseases such as Meningitis, Mumps, of even AIDS might cause deafness. There are many ways of categorize hearing loss. One category is conductive hearing loss might be the outcome of when sound waves have difficulty getting transmitted from the air outside the ear to the tiny hair cells in the cochlea, which is the inside of the ear, where the sound waves are transmitted as nerve impulses. This type of hearing loss is frequently found in a swimmer's ear.
Neuropsychological testing is used to assess and diagnosis brain impairments, such as a head injury, dementia, or Alzheimer’s (Gregory, 1999). Purposes of neuropsychological assessments include determining if the problem is physiological (e.g., brain damage or lesion), the nature of the dysfunction (e.g., location or type), and cognitive deficits caused by the problem (Class Notes VIII). For example, following a brain injury, a neurological battery of tests may be given in order to assess the individual to see if there has been any change in cognitive functioning. Results from neurological assessments can provide information on the individual’s current mental capacities, which allows for the development of a specific diagnosis and an individualized treatment plan (Gregory, 1999). Additionally, these tests help document the effects of a progressive illness (i.e., Alzheimer’s) or can confirm the individual’s recovery (Gregory, 1999).