Although, both Plato and Aristotle criticized their teacher’s works, they were also influenced by them. Both Plato and Aristotle developed their own modes of knowledge acquisition; Plato’s Platonic Idealism and Aristotle’s Analytic Empiricism. In this paper, my objective is to identify the differences in the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle, which lead to the development of two contradictory modes of knowledge acquisition and their influence on succeeding thinkers. Plato (428-328 BC) was a successful philosopher, influenced by people like Heraclitus, Parmenides, and the Pythagoreans: But, the most influential person in Plato’s life was Socrates (Nicholas). Socrates used oral arguing to cross-examine people, asking them to define an idea or concept and through argument, improve their answer to give a better definition and thus gain wisdom; this was called the Socratic Method.
In this essay I discussed the influence that Pre-Socratics had on both Platonic and Aristotelian movements of thought. Although I analyzed the former more than the latter, I did elaborate sufficiently to show that the Pre-Socratics were of great importance to both Plato and Socrates. Pre-Socratic thinking was very important in Ancient Greek Philosophy, as well to us philosophy students who are trying to learn the roots of great philosophical thinking. Pre-Socratic thinking was the beginning of philosophy, and philosophers ought to search the roots of it to have a solid foundation of philosophy. Works Cited Kolak, Daniel, and Garrett Thomson.
You are in an argument with your friend, would you rather be the one who is winning or the one who actually takes something away from the argument? This was the case for Protagoras and Socrates throughout the text Protagoras. Protagoras represented sophists, while Socrates represented philosophers. A sophist is a teacher of virtue, they twist what is being said to make it positive. They make others into skillful speakers.
However, I have been inspired by it as philosophy teaches how to develop an ability to analyze, to think critically, accept things we may not understand, how to debate as an intelligent and civilize person, how to be open minded and not dismiss the most ridicules ideas, how to equip yourself as a meaningfully ethical person, etc. In my opinion, these skills should be essential and developed from a young age just as math, writing, readying, etc. Thus, society continues to move forward and produce new philosopher who will move us forward by questioning, thinking, debating and teaching. I find that philosophy is among most practical courses of study. Taking philosophy imparts skills that are used not only in any career but also in personal life.
I will present their theories of knowledge by comparing and contrasting Plato and Aristotle’s theory of knowledge. They both had many differences, but they came together on simple things. Their vibrant thinking in the world unraveled mysteries that come together to this day. Socrates was the first philosopher to uncover the theory of knowledge but Plato created its origin. Protagoras theory states, “Man is the measure of all things”.
When relating to the intricate term of “Wisdom”, most merely describe it as “Intelligence” or just simply “Prudence” but, according to Socrates, it means more than just those two undemanding words. Socrates, prominent for being a well-known Greek philosopher, epitomized the idea of “The Pursuit of Wisdom” as he traveled throughout the city of Athens in attempt to find words true philosophical meaning. Philosophy relates wisdom to “the love or pursuit of wisdom” and this term was highly exemplified throughout Socrates’ life. Furthermore, in Plato’s early teachings, it explained how Socrates had searched for the true meanings of undefined words such as: Truth, wisdom, and beauty to rather gain insight. He was very persistent in the sense that
He was one of the greatest philosophers of his time, raising many new ideas about life. One of the many arguments that Socrates made was his case against writing, which can be found in Plato’s except, Phaedrus. When writing was first introduced, it was presented as a technology that would help build knowledge and memory. However, as a strong believer in spoken rhetoric, Socrates thought that writing would only inhibit the ability to communicate persuasive arguments verbally. He believed that true knowledge can only be obtained during verbal exchange of ideas.
Philosophy and Education: From Elitism to Democracy ABSTRACT: From its first appearance in western culture, philosophy has been considered able to build up reality, to educate people, and to disclose truth. Plato proposed philosophers as governors in life-long pursuit of philosophical learning. Socrates was the ideal paradigm of an educating philosopher: he tried to wake up human minds so that they could be aware of themselves and of the world, criticizing tradition and prejudices in a logically consistent perspective. A critical and dialogic approach—not by mere chance defined as "Socratic"—to problems has been considered until now the most profitable method of teaching. Socrates is a pioneer in discussing the question of a philosophical (paideia), as he defined his method "maieutic."
The True Meaning of Life What is the meaning of life? Well known Greek philosphers such as Socrates and Plato believed that our purpose in this life was to gain knowledge in preparation for the next life. Other Philosophers such as Epicurus believed that pleasure is the main goal in life. After giving these ideas lots of thought, I have come to my own conclusion that the true meaning of life is far more complex than either of these; far too complex for any human to fully comprehend. In fact these two different philosophies are only part of the grand picture.
Boylu often brings out different perspectives on Plato’s philosophy of epistemology through the expertise of Gail Fine, who has written, “Plato on Knowledge and Forms,” a work of compiled essays. While the author Boylu is knowledgeable on Plato’s epistemology, there should have been more depth and detail in the forms themselves than just the constant repetition that episteme and doxa are exclusively different. The analyzation of Plato’s Republic and the concept of philosophers being the ruling class for a state to avoid evil connects to my essay in the sense that knowledge derives from reason not and brings man closer to harmony. The article clarifies the answer as to how belief and opinion are in between of what is (knowledge/truth) and what is not (ignorance). I plan to use the in-depth interpretation of the difference between knowledge and belief, between a philosopher and the lover of the senses in my