Internet. 16 Nov 2003. Available WWW: http://www.wm.edu/wmnews/012199/hawaii.html Stannard, David E. Before the Horror. Honolulu: Social Science Research Institute University of Hawaii, 1989. Waite, David.
Linn, Catherine. "Leonce Pontellier." University of North Carolina. http://www.masslinks.com/~stardog/6.html. 1998.
1961. Kirch, Patrick Vinton and Yen, D.E. Tikopia: The Prehistory and Ecology of a Polynesian Outlier. Hawaii: Bishop Museum Press. 1982 Ponting, Clive.
John Papa ‘I’i was an influential figure in Hawaiian history. Not only was he an active participant on several boards, committees and benches in the Hawaiian government; He also worked in schools as a kahu (teacher). Though he was best known for his recollection of life during the Kamehameha reign in Hawaii. His journals were published in the Hawaiian Language newspaper Kanepaepa Ku’oko’a. John Papa ‘I’i was born in Waipio, Oahu on August 3, 1800, with the birth name Keoni Kalekane.