Since the first Olympic Games in 1896 winning the Olympics meant more than just a medal, it showed the power that the winning country possesses. Although the Olympics are meant to show peaceful amiability between all counties, geopolitics is still a factor in the Olympics. The International Olympic Committee President states “sport can only contribute to development and peace if it’s not used as a stage for political contest, have the courage to address your disagreements in a peaceful direct political dialogue and not on the backs of athletes.” Many historians ask if geopolitics was a factor in the Olympics during the Cold War era. The answer isn’t an opinion; geopolitics has never been absent in the Olympics and that is especially true for the Cold War. The Cold War was a battle for political power that will dominates the rest of the world. The idea that this was a battle for power explains the arms race, Korean War, Vietnam War and the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan. Logically, this need to upstage the opposing super power leaked into international sports competition. With all this competition whirling around during the Cold War, the Olympics became a literal race against communism or democracy. As geopolitics played such a major role in the Olympics during the Cold War era, athletes’ fates were ultimately altered. In order to understand how the Cold War affected the Olympics, we must understand the Cold War its self. The Cold War started as World War II was ending; in February of 1945 the Yalta Conference was attended by the three ally powers, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. The conference’s main topic of discussion was the reorganization of post-World War II Europe. In May of the same yea... ... middle of paper ... ...organized retaliation with Operation Wrath of God. This operation systematically killed the remaining members of Black September and since then Palestinians and Israelis were at each other’s throat to defend what they each thought was rightfully theirs. The athletes that were murdered could have lived completely different lives if they had not met death so suddenly. Their death was caused by a trickle effect from the Cold War, if the Balfour Declaration didn’t happen then Jews wouldn’t have a homeland, which would lessen the tension between Israelis and Palestinians, which ultimately would mean that Black September would have no need to take Israeli athlete hostages that fateful morning and these athletes could have lived through the Olympics and gone home safe to their families. In the end global tensions are to be blamed for the massacre that occurred in Munich.
The controversy in Berlin Olympic Games was that the some of the Jews excluded from the Olympic team were actually world class athletes. The athletes left Germany, along with other Jewish athletes, to resume their sports careers abroad.The Nazis also disqualified Gypsies.The Olympics were intended to be an exercise in goodwill among all nations emphasizing racial equality in the area of sports competition. But the Nazis thought that only the Aryans should participate in the Olympics games to represent Germany.Then after that controversy then the committee of the Games wanted to move the Olympic Games to another country.This was because usually the U.S. got the most medals because they sent the most athletes.
...n countries. This affected the games by shaping how people viewed the games and the peace they would bring. An information guide provided to members of the press uses a similar ideal (Doc #6) the Soviet Union had a bad reputation since they were communists and it was looked down upon. The Olympic organizing committee wanted the Soviet Union to appear as if they were peaceful and democratic as propaganda. Ali Kabir (Doc #10) a sports writer for the Internet edition of English-language Pakistani newspaper deals with the feeling of a newly created nation might have towards proving to the world that they are just as competent as the nation that they had gotten their independence from. A good additional document would be a poster for the Olympics. This would be helpful because it would promote the Olympics that were trying to create unity and peace throughout the nations.
Sutherland, Mary, and Michael T. Wise, eds. Chronicles of the Olympics. New York, NY: D.K. Pub., 1998.
“No kind of demonstration or political, religious or racial propaganda is permitted in any Olympic sites, venues or other areas” (Advertising, Demonstrations, Propaganda* 98). This rule shows just what the Germans were hoping for, a peaceful, passive, war-free environment in which countries can get together and compete. Although we all know that quite the antithesis was upon the 1972 Olympics in Munich between September the fifth and September the sixth. The Munich Massacre, one of the worst massacres of all time, was driven by the vengefulness of the Palestinian group known as Black September, towards the people of Israel, or more relevantly, towards their Olympic team (Rosenberg). Since this confrontation between Palestine and Israel has been going on for such a long time, the conflict was ultimately inevitable. Or was it? The tragedy at the 1972 Munich Olympics stunned the world by the murders of the Israeli Olympic team, but the fact that it could have been prevented is completely unacceptable.
The 1980 Olympics Games in Moscow was supposed to be the usual multi-sport, international event where athletes from all nations come to prove their athletic ability. However, the Soviet Union’s invasion in Afghanistan led the United States to respond by withdrawing from the Olympic Games. As a result, a total of sixty five other countries, did not attend the Olympic Games. Although a number of countries did not participate in the Games, the Games went on as planned.
The Munich Massacre (5th – 6th September 1972), a planned terrorist attack happening against the backdrop of the Summer Olympics, was a key statement in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that carries on to this day. The attack began when eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team before taking a further nine hostage. All of the captives were killed along with five Black September members during a large fire fight. Following the massacre, the Israeli government organized retaliation, codename: Operation Wrath of God. The legacy is reflected by the large number of retaliatory deaths, overall effect upon the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the significant development of Counter terrorist agencies around the world.
The Olympic Games of Munich started like any other, the parade of nations, proud representatives filled with dreams of gold medals and strong finishes. A moment of glory and hopefully standing tall on the podium as their flag is raised. This is a time when nations come together in peace to show the power of human achievement through sport. It did not happen that way.
When one is given an argument to analyze, one must think very clearly about the facts and consider the claim that is taken by the author in the argument. Today, there is a variety of different ways an argument can take place. Arguments mostly take the form of; magazines, social media, and can be located in other media. In most cases, it is easier for one to be presented with an engraved version of an argument rather so one can reexamine the facts and claims to truly reveal a better sense of analyzation. During the analyzation process, one must think clearly upon what the author is actually revealing, in doing this the reader will determine if the author is being biased or not representing the claim correctly. An author must also examine the
After the Holocaust the Olympics were not the same anymore. Britain had put themselves to host the Olympics. By that time they could choose who they wanted to host, but were not allowed to do that before and after the Holocaust. In July 26 1948 to August 14 1948 the host took place in London and in Great Britain. Britain was allowed to compete, many countries sent athletes to compete, but a lot of other countries weren’t. Japan nor Germany were allowed. The USSR wouldn’t send athletes to compete since 1922 and still didn’t until
Modern Day Olympics are a huge tradition that sweeps the screens of televisions across the world. Competitors take the arena with uniforms that dawn their countries colors and designs that are meant to resemble their designated flag. For months the news is centered around the games; the preparation, the athletes, and of course the competition. Countries aren 't obsessed, they are inspired and full of pride seeing athletes from their country compete and show their incredible skill. This tradition dates back to ancient Greece where the games began. Tony Perrottet writes about the traditions of the ancient game in his book The Naked Olympics.
Politics is the art or science of government or governing, especially the governing of a political entity, such as a nation, and the administration and control of its internal and external affairs. The Olympic Games is an event held every 4 years, which includes a variety of sport activities in which different countries compete against one another. “Sport is frequently a tool of diplomacy. By sending delegations of athletes abroad, states can establish a first basis for diplomatic relations or can more effectively maintain such relations” (Espy 3). One might think that politics and the Olympics have nothing to do with each other, but in fact they do have a lot in common. How did politics affect the Olympic Games in 1936, 1968 and 1972?
In 2016, the International Olympic Committee, the IOC, decided to allow try outs for a ten-member Refugee Olympic team. These participants would stand under the Olympic flag and, if they were to win a gold medal, the Olympic song would play in place of their national anthem. This idea of a team competing “under an international flag that belongs to the whole world” is a highlight of the unifying effects of globalization (2016:1). However, once the title of refugee is gone, they are striped of this unifying international team to go back to the nationalistic world of their country (Prices and Malsin 2016). Raheleh Asemani is one such case. She was at the top of the list to be considered for the international
Billions of dollars and hours are spent, every four years, preparing for the Olympics. In the mid 1990’s, the schedule was modified to have alternating summer and winter games on a biyearly cycle. Countries fight for the honor of hosting these worldwide games. At first glance, it may seem exciting and glamorous to be chosen to host the games. The Olympics can offer the opportunity for the world to see the host city and surrounding area at its best, potentially generating future tourism and fame. A short term economic boom may result due to the creation of jobs, added tourist revenue, and other growth. Hosting the Olympics generates excitement and enthusiasm in cities and countries that may need a boost. However, when one takes a look further
Introduction Today, the Olympic Games are the world's largest pageant of athletic skill and competitive spirit. They are also displays of nationalism, commerce and politics. Well-known throughout the world the games have been used to promote understanding and friendship among nations, but have also been a hotbed of political disputes and boycotts. The Olympic games started thousands of years ago and lasted over a millennium.. The symbolic power of the Games lived on after their demise, and came to life again as the modern Olympic Games being revived in the last century. Both the modern and Ancient Olympics have close similarities in there purpose and in there problems.