PDD is a general category that includes Autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and PDD-NOS. These disorders exhibit a range of patterns and characteristics, proving that no child is the same. While one child may be high-functioning, another may completely lack language skills. These five developmental disorders are commonly known as Autism Spectrum Disorders. “The most common are Autism, Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) (www.learningdisabilitiesinfo.com).” Severe Autism, Rett Syndrome, and CDD are usually recognized before a child reaches the age of three.
Autism is a behavioral syndrome usually presenting behavior abnormalities before the child is 30 months of age. These behavioral abnormalities include marked social deficits, specific language abnormalities and stereotyped, repetitive behaviors (Piven, 1990). Although the exact etiology of autism is not known it is now believed that it is a dysfunction of one or more unidentified brain systems and not the result of parental and environmental influences. Variations in symptomology and in prognosis among autistic persons depend on both the severity and the extent of the underlying brain dysfunction (Repin, 1991). Several studies have been conducted including neuroanatomic imaging, microscopic neuroanatomic observations and positron emission tomography in order to locate this dysfunction.
(Tustin, 1972, p. 178) The indications and characteristi... ... middle of paper ... ...ng autism, autistic children most of the time have himerosal, mercury and neuro-developmental disorders as well that can not be found in normal children at the same time. The small differences in mercury exposure and detoxification ability drive huge differences in the brain development of small autistic children as compared to normal children. Children less than 5 years old with autism might repeat actions over and over again, and they might have trouble if family routines change. But he normal children of the same age don’t have such problems. References Fisher, James T. "CHARLIE'S WORLD : A family battles autism."
When a child is seeming to lack socialization skills, not able to communicate, or show strange repetitive behavior continuously; the child should be tested. There is not a pin pointed cause of ASD, but it many researchers believe it has something to do with defected genes or incomplete development of the baby’s brain. (Proctor, Young- Adams 2013) If autism is caught when it in its very early stages it make a big difference and may help improve cognitive and social skills. More test are being added to the testing of the autism diagnostic schedule to ideally detect the disorder at around eighteen months. (NIH 2013) Mainly autism is diagnosed in two category, autistic (classic autism) or autism ... ... middle of paper ... ...en the same age, but they become frightened of having their child labeled and what others are going to say.
There is little information about the pathology of autism, owing to the small number of brains examined. Failure to acquire language at the expected age is the most frequent presenting complaint for preschool autistic children. In fact, all preschool autistic children have some type of development language disorder (dysphasia) (Mesibov and Shea 1996). In contrast to non-autistic dysphasic children, some of whom have predominantly or purely expressive disorders, virtually all pre-school autistic dysphasic children have impaired comprehension of language. Some autistic children are mute and seem to understand very little of what is said to them.
disorder, because at one end of the disorder a child may be inflicted with some symptoms, while at the opposite end a child may be inflicted with multiple symptoms with many areas in between. Children who display few symptoms may be characterized as ?mildly autistic?. Early signs of Autism may appear in the first months of life. Autistic infants tend to stray away from other people, avoiding touch and become limp or stiff when picked up or help. Autistic children don?t reach maturation as fast as normal children.
However, in most all cases children are either going undiagnosed, or being diagnosed with another condition that has similar symptoms to autism. In instances of a misdiagnoses, children are going untreated for the wrong condition and this will not rectify the situation but make it worse. Although, many scientists are working hard to finding a solution and once they do families who are affected by this can have a sense of hope and comfort they will be able to help their child deal with autism as a condition not a problem.same paragraph as above Works Cited Vahabzadeh, M.D.. "What Causes Autism Spectrum Disorder?." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 5 Aug. 2013.
Babies who would normally look toward recognizable voices and reach out to people are often times devoid of these social growth indicators. The absence of obvious indicators of emotion, such as smiling and laughing have caused researchers and doctors in the past to label autistic children as “emotionally flat.” Researchers, since the release of recent study outcomes, have retracted this label. There are generally five areas of developmental disorder most prevalent in children diagnosed with autism. One of these areas relates to, and in the past led to the labeling of “emotional flatness.” Autistic disorder often creates in a child a lack of social understanding and a lack of comprehension of social interaction by and toward others. Extreme withdrawal from social situations is often apparent.
However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age” (“What Is Autism”). Autism spectrum disorder and autism are different types of complex disorders of the brain development. These types of disorders are shown by their characteristics per person and also shown by their difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communications behaviors. Children that are diagnosed with Autism often have other conditions, such as epilepsy, sensitivity, depression or anxiety. They react to simulators in their own way.
The Early Onset of Autism As previously discussed, the onset of infantile autism is characterized by a set of classic symptoms common to nearly all autistic children. Most often, it is not the physician who notices these symptoms, but rather the respo... ... middle of paper ... ...ection has lead to autism. There is a substantial amount of evidence that also points to a genetic origin of autism. Studies with monozygotic twins suggest that autism, or at least an autistic-like disorder, is inherited. There is also strong evidence of the Fragile X Syndrome as being extremely associated with infantile autism.