INTRODUCTION Genetic engineering (GE) or genetic modification (GM) are both terms used to describe methods “ to cut up and join together genetic material and especially DNA from one or more species of organism and to introduce the result into an organism in order to change one or more of its characteristics”. Genetic technologies in crops involve the use of GE to change the make-up of certain plants in order to improve their quality or quantity. This essay will critique the following inference that: For centuries human beings have used conventional techniques of selective breeding and cross-breeding of animals and plants to add desired characteristics and reduce or eliminate unwanted ones. New genetic technologies should be welcomed as providing more efficient, effective and controlled mechanisms for improving the quality and quantity of food which can be produced from limited resources of land. ARGUMENT FOR THE STATEMENT.
Pillips, Theresa, Ph.D. "Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs): Transgenic Crops and Recombinant DNA Technology." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, 2008. Web. 23 Mar.
Whitman, Deborah B. "Genetically modified foods: harmful or helpful?" Cambridge Scientific Abstracts–Genetically Modified Foods–Hot Topic Series (2000). Web. 29 Oct. 2013 Young, Allison.
Will GMOs revolutionize the food and health industries or will they cause damage and downfall? Moreover, is it even ethical to tamper with nature and release science fiction into the food supply? GMOs and the History Behind Them Genetic modification has been present in agriculture since the Egyptians and the Sumerians first developed it over four thousand years ago. While modification was first used at a very basic level, today it involves implantation of DNA from one organism to another. The basis for genetic modification occurred in the 1970's when the technology to isolate individual genes and alter and copy them in cells was developed.
References 1. Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?.(2012). http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php> 2. Point of view.(2012). http://www.genengnews.com/gen-articles/point-of-view-genetically-modified-foods-unsafe-evidence-that-links-gm-foods-to-allergic-respo/2252/> 3.
Plant biotechnology uses genetic engineering, which is the process of manipulating genes through isolation and reintroducing the DNA into the cell. This gave birth to Genetically Modified Organism, which are organism according to Dr. Steve Windley, MD, whom structure is manipulated. Modifying these organisms could control what they react and don’t react to, such as resistance to herbicides or it could improve the nutritional content. The other effects may be growth, or a slew of a numerous effects that could go unnoticed for years The History of Genetically Modified Organism. Genetically Modified Organism was introduced to the public approximately fourteen years ago.
Problems With GMOs. Retrieved February 23, 2012 , from www.ehow.com: http://www.ehow.com/info_8181702_problems-gmo.html Fernandez-Cornejo, J. (2011, July 1). Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S. Retrieved February 23, 2012, from usda.gov: http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/biotechcrops/ Goldstein, K., & Emami, G. (2011, May 25). Huff Post Green.
1999 Whitman, Deborah B. "Genetically modified foods: harmful or helpful?." CSA Discovery Guides. Np (2000). Prather, T., J. DiTomaso, and Jodie Holt.
N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2011. http://www.webmd.com Anderson, Jon C., Cheryl J. Wachenheim, and William C. Lesch. "AgBioForum 9(3): Perceptions of Genetically Modified AndOrganic Foods and Processes." AgBioForum.