Later, Newton took to answer. Kepler also came transversely the paths of planets; their path was elliptical, not circular. Planets move in ellipses with the sun at one focus and Prior to this in 1602, Kepler found from trying to figure out the position of the Earth in its orbit that as it sweeps out an area defined by the Sun and the orbital path of the Earth that the radius vector labels equal areas in equal times. This idea turn around to be very popular in the Scientific Revolution, as it stimulated much inquiring. Kepler created the three laws of planetary motion.
In 1609, Galileo started observing the sky with the telescopes to observe black point of the Sun, the surface of the moon, and Jupiter’s four different planets. He drew the Moon’s phases with the telescope, but unfortunately, the Moon’s surface was not smooth but also it was rough and unbalanced. He also found that the telescope showed many more stars than were... ... middle of paper ... ...th is going around the Sun” His name has now become the symbolic icon of physics and Astronomy. During 16th century, even though there were many conflicts between Roman Church and Galileo who believed in Copernicanism, he was proven to be right in the end. Much of Galileo's life was spent looking for demonstrations to prove the opinions of Copernicus.
In the United States there is a program that deals with all the science and technology that has to do with space and airplanes, it is called NASA. NASA stands for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and was founded in 1958. Since then NASA has launched many different missions to help expand our knowledge on our solar system. One of these missions was titled Galileo which soul purpose was to collect more data from Jupiter and its surrounding moons. This spacecraft was named after Galileo Galileo, the first modern astronomer.
He first shifted his attention to Astronomy in 1604, when he witnessed a supernovae, and stated that the object was further away from earth than the planets, and objected to Aristotle's reasonings that the heavens were unchanging. In 1609, he improved the model of the telescope, leading to his relocation to the University of Venice. With this new telescope he could see jagged edges on the moon, and pointed out that these were mountains. However, he believed that the darker spots on the moon were actually oceans, which was incorrect. Galileo studied Saturn, and noted its irregular ovular shape, but was unable to realise that it was caused by its rings due to his updated telescope being used to its magnification extent.
Galileo also made many important contributions to Physics; he discovered that the path of a projectile was a parabola, that objects do not fall with speeds proportional to their weight, and much more. For these discoveries, Galileo is often referred to as the founder of modern experimental science. Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564. Until he was about 10 years old, Galileo lived in Pisa; in 1574 the family moved to Florence where Galileo started his education at Vallombroso, a nearby monastery. In 1581, Galileo went to the University of Pisa to study medicine, the field his father wanted him to peruse.
Phases of Venus helped prove that, and Sunspots. Galileo Galilei was accused of Heresy and could not leave his house for the rest of his life in 1633 but either way, he made an impact on the World. Works Cited Worked Citied Brewster, David. “The Martyrs of Science, or, The lives of Galileo, Tycho Brahe, and Kepler." London: John Murray, 1841. ebook.
Galileo is most known for his discoveries that he turned into a book, The Starry Messenger. In this book he covers his discoveries of the landscape on the moon, the light coming from the Milky Way, Jupiter and its moons, Sunspots and the phases of Venus. From a young age Galileo was both bothered and motivated by the lack of scientific rule and emphasis on church rule. Galileo’s approach to learning was very admirable. Instead of sticking to his course of study, he learned by investigating his everyday activities.
He taught he for 18 years and during that time, became convinced that there was truth in the theory of Nicolaus Copernicus a Polish astronomer who believed that all planets including earth revolved around the sun. While still at Padua, in 1609, he built the first astronomical telescope. When he used it to look at the sky, he easily found that most of Aristotle’s and Ptolemy’s theories were wrong. His most important discovery was when he discovered the four moons of Jupiter in 1610. Later that year Cosimo de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, named Galileo his personal mathematician.
He constructed a military compass, an instrument for measuring the expansion of liquids, and one of the early telescopes with which he discovered Jupiter's satellites, irregularities on the surface of the moon, star clusters in the milky way and spots on the surface of the sun. He was initially skeptical of Copernicus' theory however his observations and experiments affirmed his diagram of the universe. Critics attacked Galilei's findings. They said that his "discoveries" were ridiculous to believe and that it was only is imagination or dreams. Galilei wrote a letter to Dowager Grand Duchess trying to reconcile his astronomical observations with the Bible.
In 1613 he discovered that, when seen through the telescope, the planet Venus showed phases like those of the Moon, and therefore must orbit the Sun not the Earth. Scientists did not believe Galileo, but Galileo showed a marked tendency to use all his discoveries as evidence for Copernicanism. He seems to have made a lot of enemies by making his opponents look like fools.