From Racism to Freedom in the United States

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Martin Luther King once believed all people should be equal. Throughout different time periods Americans have had many different stages of biased ideas and or opinions towards other races. The idea of a race being superior towards another race has affected the United states in many different ways today. Racism has led us toward equal rights and equality among all races. In the 1860’s there were about 4,441,830 African American living the the United States. Many were living in the southern states of the United States. During this time period, there were many white men who owned an African American, as a slave. Slavery was caused because of the white men believing that they were superior towards other races, especially the African people. About 3,953,760 were slaves, and only about 488,070 African Americans were free. “In nothing was slavery so savage and relentless as in its attempted destruction of the family instincts of the Negro race in America. Individuals, not families; shelters, not homes; herding, not marriages, were the cardinal sins in that system of horrors”(Fannie Barrier Williams). Slavery destroyed many families, African American were being sold and treated as merchandise, not as a human. During the time of slavery there were some white men that did not believe in racism. Abraham Lincoln once said, “Those who deny freedom for others deserve it not for themselves” (Abraham Lincoln). Lincoln believed African Americans should not be slaves if others races were not treated as slaves themselves. Though some African Americans were living in the south, there were also a small amount of African Americans living in the north of the United States. African Americans living in the north had more freedom than in the south, but they still faced discrimination. They were able to work, but they worked enough to feed themselves and family, they were not able to succeed. “Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter” (Martin Luther King). Many people are sometimes to afraid of what might happen if they fight racism, that they never fight it and in the end, they are never able to find out. Rosa Parks was one of the many people who became tired of the racism the United States had. “I would like to be remembered as a person who wanted to be free... so other people would be also free” (Rosa Parks). Rosa Parks was one of the many people who fought racism, which would eventually make our country a better place to live.

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