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In response to the American Revolutionary War, the Constitution of the United States was created. In addition to that, the Bill of Rights was proposed to further protect individual’s rights. Which stated that “Congress shall make no law …abridging the freedom of speech.” This raises the question over if freedom of speech should be protected or if it should be deemed positive and necessary by the majority of the rulers. Some believe that free speech should be protected because of clearly stated rights in the constitution and because it helps contribute to a society; while others believe that it should be limited to only say positive things about the government because that contributes to the protection of national security and the government legally has the right too. Argument for the protection of free speech Those who support the protection of free speech base their ideas on the principles of democracy.
It assures citizens that the federal government shall not restrict freedom of worship. It specifically prohibits Congress from establishing an official, government supported church. Under The First Amendment, the federal government cannot require citizens to pay taxes to support a certain church, nor can people be prohibited from worshipping in any way they see fit. However, if a certain religion recommends a practice that is contrary to public morals, such as polygamy, Congress may prohibit such a practice (Weidner, Daniel, 2002). The people of the United States also have the right to assemble peaceably under the First Amendment.
Therefore, here I will explain the origination of freedom of speech. Freedom of Speech, as I had mentioned before, is included in the first amendment of the Bill of Rights, which was adopted in 1791. From the start, freedom of speech only applied to the federal government, meaning that state government did not have to follow the laws of freedom of speech (Litz). This changed though after the Civil War ended in 1868. The fourteenth amendment was adopted and it stated that states may not “deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law” (Roleff).
Now it is insisted that Congress, and not the Executive, is vested with this power. But the Constitution itself, is silent as to which, or who, is to exercise the power; and as the provision was plainly made for a dangerous emergency, it cannot be believed the framers of the instrument intended, that, in every case, the danger should run its course, until Congress could be called together; the very assembling of which might be prevented ... by the rebellion.” In this speech Lincoln elaborates on why he has equal power as congress in the limitation of Habeas Corpus. His intentions were to protect the public, and quell the rebellion. Lincoln would go on to suspend Habeas Corpus with the means of protecting the union, speeding up “Justice” against dissidents, and act for congress to defeat the confederate rebellion. This is a prime example as to the ideal means of revoking Habeas Corpus.
(2009, 5 10). Ethics. Retrieved 3 26, 2011, from Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: http://www.iep.utm.edu/ethics/ Frankena, W. K. (1963). Ethics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
In his book, he stresses constantly the different types of freedom there are, natural, civil, and moral. Natural freedom is being able to do whatever one wants. Civil freedom is in agreement with The Social Contract in which has to obey the laws the Rousseau helped make in the Constitution. Moral freedom is doing the right thing and not whatever you want. Rousseau thought that civil freedom was th... ... middle of paper ... ... general will” (Bertram, 12).
INITION OF SELF DETERMINATION International law recognizes that all peoples have the right to self-determination. Independence of peoples from colonialism and alien authority in order to determine their political status is manifestation of this right. In international law, self-determination is the legal right of the people to decide by their own wills in the international order. Self-determination is a core principle of international law which is derived from customary international law. Self-determination also recognized as a general principle of law, and listed in numbers of international treaties.
The term “freedom of speech” is sometimes used as a synonym of “freedom of expression”. ,,The right to freedom of expression is recognized as a human right under article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and recognized in international human rights law in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Article 19 of the UDHR states that "everyone shall have the right