Vernonia School District V. Acton (1996)

analytical Essay
1761 words
1761 words

Vernonia School District v. Acton was a US Supreme court decision that aims to uphold the constitutionality affecting random drug testing implemented by local public schools in Vernonia, Oregon States. This provision mandates student athletes to undergo drug testing before they are going to be allowed to participate in sporting activities. This particular measure established by the constitution stated that it propagates any illegal use of any prohibited substances for students in order to preserve the integrity of the society in particular with handling against drug use. An official investigation led to the discovery that high school athletes in the Vernonia School District participated in illicit drug use. School officials were concerned that drug use increases the risk of sports-related injury. Consequently, the Vernonia School District of Oregon adopted the Student Athlete Drug Policy which authorizes random urinalysis drug testing of its student athletes Substance abuse materials may include marijuana, which is cannabis that is commonly used by teens. Marijuana is a prohibited substance using a process .The shredded pieces are going to be wrapped around by a sheet of paper and then it can be used as a cigarette to be smoked by the user (Mortison: p. 89). Using marijuana is considered illegal especially for student athletes because it endures bad image against other individuals to reckon the reputation of the school. Also, student athletes were considered role models in the school, and the district hoped that combatting athlete’s use of drugs would influence the rest of the school. The decision of the Supreme Court regarding the use of screening procedures to student athletes has been incorrect. . After an intense beginnin... ... middle of paper ... ... is one that a reasonable guardian and tutor might undertake.” And he concluded that given the mission of public schools, and the circumstances of this case, the searches required by the school board's policy were “reasonable” and thereby permissible under the Constitution's 4th Amendment. Works Cited Andrews, Mackenson. Principles of Morality. Seattle: Ponster Printing, pages 89-92. 2010. Print. Gevinson, Matilda. Ethical Rules on Sport’s Justice. Dallas: East Dallas Times, page 21. 2008. Print Harry, Patrick Hayes. Consequences of using marijuana in Athlete’s Health. Journal on Health. Chicago: Chicago University Press, pages 56-57. 2007. Print. Mortison, Imelda. Effects of pots in the Human Body. New York: Academic Press, pages 87-89. 2009. Print. Taylor, Hopkins. Substance abuse issues to Offending Athletes. Miami: Beachwood Press, pages 35-37. 2009. Print.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the supreme court's decision regarding the use of screening procedures to student athletes was incorrect. the ninth circuit court found the case was under a lawmaking body.
  • Analyzes how the district court ruled that the drug testing program served a "compelling need" which favored the district. the ninth circuit court of appeals reversed its finding in favor of acton.
  • Opines that justice scalia opposed the privacy concern in detail saying that "sports is not for the bashful".
  • Argues that the supreme court's decision regarding drug test screening in vernonia is a consequence of utilitarianism.
  • Explains that vernonia school district v. acton is a us supreme court decision that upholds the constitutionality affecting random drug testing implemented by local public schools in oregon.
  • Explains that new jersey vs. t.l.o. (1985) was relevant because that case determined that 'the fourteenth amendment extends the constitutional guarantee to searches and seizures by state officers.
  • Argues that the prohibition on the use of marijuana is an act of goodwill to those athletes who are honest for participating in sports competition without taking advantage against others for self gratification.
  • Explains gevinson, matilda, and mortison's research on the effects of marijuana on athletes' health.

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