Odysseus immediately responded and refused Kalypso’s offer: “My lady goddess…come (Book V, 223-233).” Many individuals would not decline immortality, but he did not ponder over the thought of living for eternity. Odysseus made this decision based on his ethics and because of true love. Odysseus also makes ethical decisions to save people’s lives. For instance, ... ... middle of paper ... ...lusion, Odysseus makes ethical decisions to benefit others, overcomes adversity with vast amounts of courage, and illustrates humility by relinquishing his hubris to rightfully earn the title of hero. Whether Odysseus has to be unfaithful to his lover or saving lives by stuffing ears with wax, he never forgets that others’ lives are at stake and sparing them are of paramount importance.
His never apologizes for his trespass, but rather regard himself as holding knowledge of the gods beyond that of the citizens due to his pride. Oedipus’s pride makes him feel that his sons should have tried to stop his exile, so his refuses to be buried by Thebes and give the city the strength and protection, the blessing the gods put on his body. It is also his pride preventing him to talk with his son, Polynices, when he comes to Athens.
As the symbol of supreme authority and justice, he makes judgment calls as to the other gods' involvement in the war, remains impartial, and doesn't seem to get caught up in picking favorites. Even when his own son, Sarpedon, was about to die, Zeus chose to let the outcome go unaltered. On the other hand, Zeus's wife, Hera, displayed the more typical actions of a god. After Paris, a Trojan, judged Aphrodite the fairest over Hera, and, after her daughter Hebe was replaced as cupbearer to the gods by a young Trojan boy, she was quite resentful towards Troy and its people. Obviously, she sided with the Greeks and would stop at nothing to express her will.
Fate seems to be opposite of the gods- rarely acknowledged by humans, but capable of effecting their lives more. It is also unable to be bribed by sacrifices (fate seems to have no interest in cow thighs), it cannot be changed, and it is above the gods. The power of fate over the gods is most clearly portrayed in a glimpse of a counsel with Athena and Zeus. Zeus, the most powerful of all the gods, wishes to rescue Hektor, but Athena stops him by saying, “Do you wish to bring back a man who is mortal, one long since doomed by his destiny, from ill-sounding death to release him?” (Homer, 16). By referring to Hektor’s fate, she stops Zeus.
Odysseus is trapped in exile on Ogygia by the will of Poseidon, whose anger Odysseus attracts when he blinds the Cyclops Polyphemus, son of Poseidon, and by the love of Calypso, who wishes to make Odysseus her husband. He is released from Ogygia and permitted to return to Ithaca only by the command of Zeus, as delivered by Hermes. Telemachus, rather than being trapped physically, was detained emotionally, feeling helpless to repel the suitors wooing Penelope. Only through the motivation of the goddess Athena did Telemachus find the will and courage to embark in search of Odysseus.
Penelope undergoes the struggles because she knows that her Odysseus will return to her, and he is a man worth waiting on. However, of course, Penelope does not know about these relationships that Odysseus has taken part in. Though, Penelope still believes that Odysseus is a good man and is proud to be his wife. Odysseus wants to return to his wife but he has everything and more with Calypso on her island. He could have stayed there and would have been very happy there, however he would not have earned his kleos for his quests.
Along Odysseus's journey we find ou... ... middle of paper ... ...s. It may have been beneficial for everyone if he had just died or not returned home. With the help of Athena he was able to focus on his main task and return to his family as a hero. The ending of The Odyssey to my understanding was about the decision the Gods wanted Odysseus to make on his own. They did not want Odysseus's pride and honor to be the reason of his downfall. Revenge cannot be everlasting like this, there is no good to come when you fight pain(Odysseus) with pain(relatives of suitors) together you just create more pain and suffering.
Poseidon shall put away his anger; for all alone and against the will of the other immortal gods united he can accomplish nothing." (Homer, Bk. 1, 74-79). The god of the sea Poseidon wants to seek revenge for blinding his cyclops son Polyphemus. Poseidon could very easily just kill Odysseus but is asked not to by Athena.
Although the gods are responsible the difficulty Odysseus faces returning from Troy, they are equally responsible for motivating and assisting Odysseus and Telemachus in their respective travels. If not for divine interference, neither Odysseus nor Telemachus would have journeys to make. The gods are first responsible for establishing the conditions under which the story begins. While the Greek soldiers had returned home from Troy, Odysseus remained trapped as “the brightest goddess, Calypso, held him her hollow grottoes” because “she wanted him as a husband” (Homer, Odyssey 1.5, Translation by Allen Mandelbaum). Calypso traps Odysseus on her island of Ogygia and “keeps the sad Odysseus there—although he weeps.
This is similar to Oedipus at Colonus, in the Hellenic texts, because the gods choose Oedipus to save the city of Colonus from his own sons. They differ because God, in the Old Testament, chooses rather blindly. He does not choose people for any reason except that is who He wanted. If He does choose, it is based on goodness or loyalty to Him. The gods of Hellenic texts, like in Oedipus at Colonus, the gods choose Oedipus because of his wisdom and his family line.