He’s so desperate to communicate with someone-anyone-that he is reaching out to absolute strangers, oftentimes even considerably older than himself. When Holden was still at Pencey, he was feeling so dejected after fighting with Stradlater that he actually reached out to someone that he had painted a picture of as a poor hygienist, and as a social outcast, because surely ... ... middle of paper ... ...d to mean the world to him. Both his brother's death and parents desertion have evidently deeply impacted him. Holden pretty well lied to himself, claimed the he had no place in society, all to give him plausible reasons to isolate himself. By calling people phonies, which he frequently did, he was in all reality pushing them away before giving himself the chance to even debate getting to know them.
He is a very impassive adolescent, he does not want to get attached to anyone because of he trust issues. He does this because he had a scathing childhood and most of his thoughts have become unconscious. According to Freud's theory, " Unconscious state- reveals conflicts of protagonist and sometimes creates and/or transferred from the author's own troubled states"(Freud1). Holden is his own problem.He has the opportunity to leave his past behind him, but instead he chooses to let it affect him in his future, that causes trouble for him as he approaches his academics with flunking out, fa... ... middle of paper ... ... hurt him deeply and horribly over the years of his childhood. His education does not seem to matter to him either, he thinks that as long as they he can keep moving forward in life, you won't need school.
In the book, Catcher In The Rye by J.D. Salinger, Holden Caufield, the main character is a negatively charged person, doesn't want himself or others around him to grow up, and suffers from depression because of his brothers death. This is obviously Holden's way of alienating the entire world and delaying the consequences of facing reality. Alienation is a big theme in Catcher In The Rye, and something that Holden depends on most often. Holden Caufield is a negatively charged character as expressed on the first page of the book before Holden tells his opinion about his childhood.
Most readers overlook his admirable qualities and view him as hypocritical and weak. “For, Hester, his spirit lacked the strength that could have borne up, as thine has, beneath a burden like thy scarlet letter” (Hawthorne 188). Chillingworth is telling Hester that Dimmesdale lectures people about the repercussions of sins, however he cannot handle his own. “He is generally called a hypocrite, but though the life he lives is a lie, he is never quite that. Pride and fear combine to keep him from making a clean breast of things, and the best in him conspires with the worst to keep him silent” (Wagenknecht 67).
While these two characters continue to misread people’s words, advisors around them repeatedly give hints to their misinterpretations, which pave the road for possible reconciliation. The realization of their mistakes, however, occurs after tragedy is inevitable. Gloucester and Lear, create their eventual downfalls due to their inability to read deceit. Though these characters share the same tragic flaw, the means by which they make their errors is completely different. Gloucester remains a poor reader because he is quick to believe his sense of sight.
Instead though, because he puts himself in melancholy moods due to his personality, improper feelings or by running away from his problems, it is also believed that Holden is undeserving of this sympathy. It is difficult to feel sympathy for the distraught protagonist because the reasons for his dreariness are all self-induced. To elaborate, one of the reasons Holden is unfit for sympathy is his personality. Throughout his coming of age, he often gives up and is lazy, tells lies or makes excuses. To begin with the former, Holden gives up on his schooling.
Because of his mental illness, he is a misunderstood, confused young character who is in search of his identity and place in the world. He suffers from symptoms of depression, which are rooted in a lack of closure concerning his brother's death. The devastation Holden experiences after Allie's death is understandable. This unfortunately leads to a lack of personal motivation, low self esteem and compulsive lying. Holden's inability to self-reflect and his stubbornness in overlooking the obvious has resulted in a chronic lack of motivation.
Holden feels the absence of love, which causes him to suffer a variety of emotional problems. Holden needs direction in his life because he constantly struggles to find the meaning of life on his own. Schools kick him out because he is not able to focus with all these issues in his life. With all this pressure he faces, Holden escapes from consciousness in what appears to be a psychological defect, but is just a severe lack of control in his life. “After I got across the road, I felt like I was sort of disappearing.
His parents fail to communicate healthily with him. Those words did not build Philip up as an individual and instead he becomes overly sensitive. Philip cannot differentiate criticism and hatred apart. Philip has always been very hard on himself because he does not have friends. In his mind, he is a loser and a failure.
Indeed, it’s as if the book was intentionally written to be difficult to chew. If so, then Dom Casmurro is a satire of the very reader, in that it fails to meet their expectations. One way Dom Casmurro fails to meet expectations is that the main character, Bento, is an unreliable protagonist. For example, Bento shows time and time again that he is a biased narrator. The entire novel is written in his perspective with little recognition if any, of Capitu’s side of the story.