The scarcity of transplant organs in the United States is accredited to many reasons: the unwillingness of families to approve donation after the donors death, even if the patient has wished to do so; religious objections; disinclination of medical personnel to approach families after the death; and the crookedness of the medical system. The need for organs far exceeds the number of donated organs, the dilemma becomes apparent: Should Organ Donors &/or Their Families Be Financially Compensated? For those who lack healthy organs, organ donations can save their life. Although there’s a tight spot, there is a shortage of much needed organs; the Mayo Clinic notes, “More than 101,000 people are waiting today for transplant surgeries.” The clinic goes on to state that while daily, 77 people receive organ transplants, nineteen die waiting for a transplant. Those waiting for transplants could likely be saved with a larger pool for organ donation.
The price for organs, by law, is kept at zero (Stonebraker). As a result of this Act, more Americans have lost their lives waiting for an organ than died in World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan, and Iraq all put together. Most Americans cannot afford to donate organs without considerable financial hardship to themselves and their families. Giving an organ costs anywhere from $5,000-$20,000. According to the census in 2013, only 8% of households could afford to donate an organ at a cost of more than $5,000 without taking money out of their savings account or going into debt (Fry-Revere).
It is estimated that the sales of illegal organ trades start at around 100,000.00 per organ (Rucke, 2013). People that are desperate to have an organ transplant normally are the buyers of illegal human organ sales. For someone in dire need of an organ transplant, a willing donor holds the key to life (Cherry, Mark J, 1999). While many people are for human organ donation, there are many that feel human organ donation is a form of exploitation (Cherry, Mark J, 1999). The question still rises today of does the right to sell one’s body parts rest within the person or the government (Wilkinson, Stephen, 2003)?
"Chronic Kidney Disease Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment on EMedicineHealth.com." Emedicine Health. Web. Retrieved February 16,2011,from http://www.emedicinehealth.com/chronic_kidney_disease/article_em.htm. Stilos, K.. (2009, October).
It’s important to realize that many Americans believe organ donation should simply be just that, a donation to someone in need. However, with the working class making up roughly 60% of society it’s extremely unlikely that a citizen could financially support themselves during and after aiding someone in a lifesaving organ transplant. The alarming consequence, says bioethicist Sigrid Fry-Revere, is that people waiting for kidneys account for 84 percent of the waiting list. To put it another way Tabarrok explains, “In the U.S. alone 83,000 people wait on the official kidney-transplant list. But just 16,500 people received a kidney transplant in 2008, while almost 5,000 died waiting for one” (607).
Sally Satel’s argument in Death’s Waiting List, states that there is an extreme lack of organ donors in this society. “70,000 Americans are waiting for kidneys, according to The United Network for Organ Sharing” (132 Satel) and “only about 16,000 people received one last year. “ In big cities, where the ratio of acceptable organs to needy patients is worst, the wait is five to eight years and is expected to double by 2010 ” (132 Satel). There is no reason why the wait should be this long because any one can be an organ donor and Satel does a great job of explaining the benefits further in her essay. As a previous member of the waiting list, Sally Satel resorted to desperate measures when she considered going to the black market to obtain a kidney that she needed as well as trying a website called matchingdonors.com.
Web. 07 Oct. 2011. . "The INTERPHONE Study." EMF Explained Series. World Health Organization, n.d.
(Ponnuru)This is an issue that no one but the government can let us know what's really going on at the moment, but results are always popping up as misguided quest or funds being lost. Healthcare needs to step up their game because time is really being wasted. Half of the 50 million people in the U.S are currently uninsured. The new healthcare laws were intended to expand health insurance coverage, but one trade association warned that it will end of driving 60 million manufacturing workers out of coverage supplied by their employers over the next decade unless it was fixed before that occurs.(Newton-Small). Companies offered health coverage to their employers but certain laws prevented them from giving some benefits, forcing them into something that is called a one sized fit's all system.
“Essentials of the United States health care system” March 5, 2009 Stephen Jonas, Raymond G, Karen G, “An Introduction to the US healthcare System” 6th Edition, Page 118, 25 May 2007 U.S Healthcare costs, Web 7 Feb, 2012 http://www.kaiseredu.org/Issue-Modules/US-Health-Care-Costs/Background-Brief.aspx Ventres W. “Answers to US health care issues from other countries” Fam Med. Sep 2011 43(8):592-3. PubMed PMID: 21918943
(Clemmons, 2009) In the year 2007, over 70,000 patients were on the waiting list for a kidney and nearly 4500 of them died during the waiting period. In contrast to the increasing demand for kidney, organ donation has been in a decrease. (Wolfe, Merion, Roys, & Port, 2009) Even the government puts in great effot to increase donation incentives, the gap between supply and demand of organs still widens. In addition, the technology of therapeutic cloning is still not mature and many obstacles are met by scientists. (Clemmons, 2009) Hence, it is clear that a government regulated kidney market with clear legislation and quality control is the best solution to solve the kidney shortage problem since it improves the lives of both vendors and patients.