Kinship is used to describe the relationship that exists between or among entities or individuals that share a common origin in terms of culture, historical ancestry or biological relationship. Kinship refers to the relationships defined by a particular culture among or between individuals who have a common family ties. Kinship is used as a basis to classify people and to form social groups in the different societies. The patterns and rules that govern kinship differ in the various communities all around the world. Kinship, in anthropology, defines relationship of people through marriage (invariably referred to as affinity), and through descent, also known as consanguinity.
They have been important since, and even before, the very beginning of our civilization, and certainly since the founding of the United States of America. Theories suggest that even the primitive caveman was very loyal and respectful to his particular family unit. People of our time have followed these beginnings of the ideas of family values and citizenship up until the present day. Today however people are more diversified and separated in their ways but they all share similar values of the family. A nation, being of mostly socially compatible people, functions in a similar way as a family.
The Significance of Family and Kinship One of the most important and essential things that everyone must have in order to live a great and joyful life is family. One must follow values to be successful in life, and one must also support their family to keep that success advancing toward the future. In David W. McCurdy’s article, “Family and Kinship in Village India,” it discusses the significance of how a successful family is formed by tradition, preparation, and patience. The article describes how kinship has the power to arrange marriages successfully, make families unite and assist each other, and teach and help one another agriculturally or economically. According to McCurdy, the main ways that kinship organizes “Bhil” society in Ratakote, India are the terms used to refer to them, the responsibilities that they have toward one another, and the importance of marrying them off properly.
Kinship is understood as the relationships in a society through blood and marriage. It is considered a fundamental cultural basis. From kinship systems social norms develop in the communities, including rights and responsibilities, greatly impacting behavior. These systems are described as kinship terms, relationships and groups in a society. Kinship ultimately has two core functions through kinship systems that are crucial for the preservation of culture and societies.
Kin then contains two or more lineages (Parkin and Stone, 2004:43). When an individual refers to their kin, it can have different meanings as a group can be divided into unilateral divisions. This basically means that some members are lineages and some are clans. A clan can be understood as 'unilateral exogamous group'. (Parkin and Stone, 2004:43) Marriage is an important aspect in kinship.
Family brings a sense of emotional bonding, socialization and care. Family values include ideas like: respect for parental authority, stability in marriages, chastity before and outside marriage and care for the elderly. The word “family” is often used in connection with a person’s ancestry. Most families are based on kinship. Members belong to the family through birth, marriage, or adoption.
Loyalty, integrity and unity. In my research all three were used as the pillars in which a traditional indian family stands. Hierarchy, family ideals and authority also play an important role in how an indian family is built up. The role a male and female has in a family distinguishes a significant amount, culture being the main reason why. Indians take pride in their heritage and their values are taken very seriously because their whole family life is based around them.
Kinship has traditionally been one of the key topics in social and cultural anthropology according to Robert Perkin. It describes the relationship between or among individuals that share a common origin in terms of historical ancestry, culture, or biological relationships. It is sometimes used as to classify people and form social groups in different societies. Although kinship has been studied under many disciplines, it is most prominent in the field of anthropology. The way in which kinship is classified differs throughout communities, and even fields around the world.
One definition provided by White paper on families defines family as “a societal group that is related by blood (kinship), adoption, foster care or the ties of marriage (civil, customary or religious), civil union or cohabitation, and go beyond a particular physical residence” (2012; 11). Thereafter, this assignment aims at discussing the family life in my community and solutions adopted for family challenges in my community. The assignment will discuss the family strengths and resources that are evident within the families in my community. The community that is going to be referred in this assignment is a community from the rural areas of Kwa-Zulu Natal, Port Shepstone (Kwa-Xolo). Nature of
The article states,” The individual is seen as a product of all the generations of the family, and the welfare of the family and community has priority over individual wants or needs” (Tatman 204: 224). In their culture, family and community is considered the most important dynamic within their culture; there is never a time where you become an individual. For example, when you get married instead of it being seen as you individuating, it is seen as an extension and addition of the family (Tatman 204: 224). Overall for the Hmong culture, you base everything you do in your life off of what is best for the family. On the other hand, I found research on German culture and how the value of family plays a role in their culture that is very different from the Hmong culture.