after the Romans drove out the hated Etruscan king. By this time Rome had already grown from a cluster of small villages to a small city. Little did the settlers know that this was the beginning of one of the greatest and largest empires ever known. After Rome established itself, they were determined to never again be ruled by a monarch. The Roman setup a new government called a republic.
(Winks) On the Gallic side, his victories meant the spread of Roman language and civilization. Caesar defied an order from the Senate to give up his command and stay in Gaul, and he led his loyal troops south across the Rubicon River boundary, beginning a civil war. Within a few weeks Caesar was master of Italy. He then won another in Spain, and he defeated Pompey’s troops in Greece, to which most of the Senate had fled... ... middle of paper ... ...litical hotbed of rival classes and contenders for power. Augustus had seen Caesar’s rise to power and the awful way in which Caesar’s rule was ended.
When Hannibal was nine he went with his father on the to conquer Spain. Before starting, the kid swore to hate Rome. In two years he conquered all Spain between the Tagus and Iberus rivers. The Romans branded this attack a violation of the existing treaty between Rome and Carthage and demanded that Carthage surrender Hannibal to them. On the refusal of the Carthaginians to do so, the Romans declared war on Carthage, so because of that they precipitated in the Second Punic War.
Which led to a fight to the death. Romulus won, killing his brother Remus. The peoples called his city Rome, after Romulus, who became the founder. Rome’s Symbol is the She-Wolf that nursed Romulus and Remus nursing them. Rome started out as just a group of farmers and Romulus as the emperor.
Didius Julianus was one of the emperors who bought his throne. He “called out to the troops and promised to give them just as much as they desired, for he had ready money and a treasure room full of gold and silver”(Herodian). Over the next 100 years, Rome had thirty-seven emperors, most of whom purchased their throne, of which twenty-five were assassinated. Consequently, the lack of a consistent ruler drastical... ... middle of paper ... ...he Visigoths, various tribes, such as the Vandals, devastated the weak and desolate remains of the Roman Empire. Officially the last emperor of Rome, Romulus Augustus, was overthrown in 476.
Then they gained new ships and began to win. They gained control of Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. In 221 B.C., the second Punic war was started when Hannibal, a Carthaginian general, wanted revenge on the Romans because his father was killed in the first Punic war. In 202 B.C., there was the Battle of Zama when the Roman general Scipio went up against Hannibal.
To pay for these, he borrowed money from Crassus. This united the two men, who also found common cause with Pompey. When Caesar returned to Rome in 60 BC after a year as governor of Spain, he joined forces with Crassus and Pompey in a three way alliance known as the First Triumv... ... middle of paper ... ... violated, she was maligned by gossips, and Caesar then divorced her, telling the Senate that Caesar's wife must be above suspicion. His next marriage which was in 59 b.c. was to Calpurnia and was politically motivated.
After Lepidus retired from running for dictator, it left only Octavian and Marc Anthony. As Marc Anthony and Cleopatra set out to take the throne in Rome, they went to western Rome in Asia Minor to win battles. Anthony won the battle of Armenia but soon after returned to Alexandria instead of Rome. When People had wo... ... middle of paper ... ...ptember 13, the senate had made Augustus a god of the Roman state. By now, Tiberius, Augustus' adopted son, became the second emperor of the Roman Empire.
Their further concern was with that of overwhelming personal power in the hands of the few. The government they developed would look to address and restrain these problems. The Roman Republic would therefore develop under a system of government that would divide power among two consuls, a Senate, and the Plebeian Assembly. Republicanism therefore came to embody the idea of representative government. This would last for over 450 years until its ultimate demise resulting from a series of civil wars and subversions.
The Carthaginians were then told that they must halt their invasion or war would be waged. They did not stop and Rome declared war. The first battle was fought entirely in Sicily, in 263BCE, and since the Romans were the superior fighters they took the ground battle and continued to prevail until 256BCE. After the victory over Carthage, the Romans began besieging Greek cities that allied with the Carthaginians. The Romans sacked these cities, which caused them to harden their resistance.