What is Social Stratification and Social Inequality?
Social stratification is a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. In the United States, it is perfectly clear that some groups have greater status, power, and wealth than other groups. In most societies people are evaluated on some basis of some characteristics and are placed in a higher or lower ranking classes. (www.sociologyguide.com) Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Although the United States differs from most European nations that have a titled nobility, the U.S. is still highly stratified. "The division of society into distinct social classes…show more content… The determination of who is socially advantaged and who is included among the ranks of the socially disadvantaged is based, in part, on certain characteristics these individuals possess and, in part, on how society values or devalues these characteristics. Social stratification affects people’s lives and can be manifested in various ways in society. Social Inequality is a structured and systematic phenomenon that affects people in various social classes throughout their lives. Because of this patterned inequality, social stratification affects people’s life chances. Life Chances Opportunities that individuals do or do not have to engage in certain activities, and the opportunities that they do or do not have to accomplish certain goals simply because of where they are located in the social…show more content… typically defined by referring to social groups selected for unequal treatment ranked accordingly. Race is an ancestry and physical characteristics such as skin color, hair texture and eye shape. Social class is a position in economy such as wealth, income and poverty. In distribution to power and authority in the workforce. Gender: Biological and anatomical characteristics attributed to males and females; culturally and socially structured relationships between both sexes.