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Introduction With movements made by the governments and medical professionals of developed countries in the interests of giving patients more choice, the definition of “healthy,” especially in contemporary society, has become subjective (Freemantle and Hill 2002, Armstrong 1995, Bury 2008, Van Krieken et al. 2006: 379-380). Variations in interpretation appear between groups divided along socio-political, demographical lines, or even between individuals themselves (Freemantle and Hill 2002: 864, Heath 2005: 954, Blaxter 2000:44, Van Krieken et al. 2006). This ambiguity has underscored debates and conflicts in recent years between patients, academics, politicians, and medical practitioners on issues of medical authority, the extent of involvement in the decision making process over personal health as well as the health of others related to them through social structures and institutions (Van Krieken et al.
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As with many topics there are people that have taken a stand on either side of the race based medicine debate. There are those scientists who are on the side that “understanding the unique patterns of genes across patient populations defined by race will help identify population... ... middle of paper ... ...ll 2006, p 497-499. Cohn, Jay N., The Use of Race and Ethnicity in Medicine: Lessons from the African-American Heart Failure Trial, J.L. Med. & Ethics, Race and Ethnicity, Fall 2006, p 552-554.
(2009). Information technology for the health professions. Retrieved from http://wps.pearsoncustom.com/wps/media/objects/13906/14240052/MICB151_Ch02.pdf McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. (2012). Nursing Informatics (2 ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett.
However, for nurses and midwives in UAE i... ... middle of paper ... .... Advantages of the nhs. Retrieved from http://www.monetos.co.uk/insurance/health-insurance/nhs/advantages/ NHS, (2013). Guide to the healthcare system in england(2900878 ). Retrieved from the Department of Health website: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads /attachment_data/file/194002/9421-2900878-TSONHS_Guide_to_Healthcare_WEB.PDF The Commonwealth fund, (2010).
An ethnic identity is considered... ... middle of paper ... ...e treatment strategies (Stronks et al., 2013). Therefore, improvements in the accessibility of health care services or community groups are essential in the growth of Indigenous health in many high-income countries. In conclusion, racism is a fundamental cause towards the health of ethnic minority groups around the world. Previous studies have demonstrated that individual self-reports of racial experience is strongly linked to negative health outcomes. This gives reason for researchers to keep investigating the role of racism in health.
[Online] 336, 421-424. Available from http://www.bmj.com/content/336/7641/421.extract [accessed 15th March 2011]. Propper, C., Rees, H. & Green, K. (2001) The demand for private medical insurance in the UK: a cohort analysis. The Economic Journal. [Online] 111, 180-200.