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Ethics in Psychology

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Ethics in Psychology
Our country was founded on certain moral principles. The moral principles which guide our lives are referred to as ethics. These ethics have an impact on how we interact with the world around us and shape our personalities; this happens even if we do not realize their immediate impact. It is for this very reason that ethics in psychological research became necessary. “One may also define ethics as a method, procedure, or perspective for deciding how to act and for analyzing complex problems and issues” (Resnik, 2011). We are expected to behave or be treated a particular way in society, therefore we should be granted certain ethical treatments in regards to research.
Human Participants
According to the American Psychological Association, (APA) there are five general principles in which help psychologist maintains professionalism while performing scientific duties. The five general principles are beneficence, fidelity, integrity, justice, and respect for people’s rights. These core principle help guide 12 subsections of proper ethics in research involving human participants. These subsections are in place to protect the participants because they are placing a great amount of trust in the experimenter. They are designed to eliminate discrimination, harassment, and exploitation of subjects. They also ensure that the experimenter considers the various roles and external factors such as third parties. One of the most important though is non-harm of the participant, and the participant’s ability to opt out of the experiment even after initial consent (American Psychological Association, 2010). These ethics are important because they outline boundaries of the working relationship. This allows the participant to have ...

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...all situations can be tested without deception. Just as the world around us is subjective to one another, so are the ethics that each of us live by. We must understand the risks and rewards prior to consent if we have any issues with scientific study.

References
American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. American Psychologist.
Committee on animal research and ethics. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/science/leadership/care/index.aspx
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Psychology Research Ethics. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/Ethics.html
Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 371-378.
Resnik, D. (2011, MAY 01). What is ethics in research & why is it important?. Retrieved from http://www.niehs.nih.gov/research/resources/bioethics/whatis/
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