Under the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, section 8.02 explains informed consent. Research is important but guidelines are necessary to protect the researchers and the participants and to make sure the results are valid and reliable. Ethics Many refer to ethics as the moral stature of what a person believes is right or wrong. Ethics do help a reasonable person refrain from doing what society has determined to be wrong such as murder or rape, as well as other wrongs and they influence morals, beliefs and principles. Ethics are logical and rational standards of right and wrong that guide a human being by determining what a person should do.
Anthropological researchers have considerable moral and ethical standards by which their work must be conducted in order to preserve the accuracy and the posterity of the information gathered during the study and also to the persons or cultures of which they study. These two important parts of anthropology – the research and those being researched – can be conflicting. The Code of Ethics of the American Anthropological Association presents itself as a body of guidelines for discussing these ethical and moral conflicts. This allows for researchers in the field of anthropology to have a foundation for understanding what decisions must be made regarding these ethical and moral conflicts and to whom the disclosures of those decisions should be made. The world of anthropology is tightly woven into research of humans and their cultures.
Psychologists must advocate a virtuous practice within their studies or teachings. For example, they may not skew the data to fit their hypothesis or use deceive others. The fourth principle is justice ... ... middle of paper ... ...he patients safety and well being. The Ethical Principle of Psychologists and Code of Conduct is required to be practiced by all psychologists because the code provides general principles that assist the psychologists with ethical ideas in the profession of psychology, ethical standards involved in research while conducting researches, assessments that influence the purpose of the studies from the data collections, and practicing therapy in a safe way. The general principle contributes to the Code of Conduct because it guides the psychologist to honorably achieve its goals.
There are ethical challenges to be considered in both qualitative and quantitative research. Ethics are “the rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or the conduct of the members of a profession” (Lecture 2, Atkinson, 2018). The research must follow the guiding principles of ethics in both qualitative and quantitative research: “ethical goals, protection of rights of human subjects and unbiased research.” (Lecture 2, Atkinson, 2018). Risk to the participant is assessed based on consent, harm, privacy and deception. Quantitative research involves data that are analyzed in the form of numbers.
Unfortunately, one cannot live without ethics. However, one can and must live with the consequences of the choices that are made based on one’s moral principles. Ultimately, ethics are a set of rules and standards that define and guide a person’s decision making process in his or her personal or professional life (Business Dictionary, 2016). Ethics is what allows an individual to know and distinguish right from wrong. Although, one’s ethics are of great significance, one must also consider that when dealing with ethical behavior, the outcome of any possible decision making process should and must be carefully taken into account.
Ethics Policies According o Golja and Paulisic (2010) ethics is define as a system of moral principles, the rule of conduct recognized in respects to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture and the moral principles of an individual. Camps and Majocchi (2010) defines ethics as rules of conduct, in other words ethics is treating others as you would want to be treated. According to the authors, the best principle for implementing and supporting ethical behavior in an organization is to first champion leadership to support and enforce ethics policies. Once leadership support is ascertained then an assessment should be done to determine what ethical policies are needed to meet the needs of the organization. After receiving the results from the assessment, managers should solicit employees for input and to volunteer with writing and reviewing policies.
First, arranging moral precepts into ethical systems facilitates understanding of well-defined values, norms, and beliefs adopted by a group. In turn, groups express these beliefs by codifying them through rules, laws, and codes of conduct intended to influence decision-making, especially when a poor decision would lead to corruption, and loss of professional trust. More importantly, ethical systems provide moral justification for activities that appear to defy innate human instincts. Lastly, ethics provide insight into the cause and effect of a potential action or decision, allowing the group to determine what is right (ethical, effective, and efficient) within an established framework. All of these ethical characteristics are important to understand because they can compel an individual or group to act contrary to a universal human
Moreover, their clients expect them to uphold honesty, respect and fairness throughout the process as this builds trust (Schultheiss et al., 2008). Psychologists should therefore avoid making false, deceptive or misleading statements when administering psychological assessments. While administering psychological tests, psychologists uphold the respect of individual rights to self-determination, confidentiality, anatomy and privacy (Plante, 2007). Psychologists are mindful of inconsistencies that could trigger conflict and violate these rights. They also strive to eliminate the impact of bias on their work by averting any discriminatory practices when administering
Having the ability as a counselor to pinpoint that there is a moral issue requires the realization that your activity can be harmful or beneficial for the client. This helps you to realize that your moral outlook contains some truth to it. Also, I learned that you should never want to do anything to harm your client and be sensitive to their needs. Moral sensitivity protects the well-being of an entire society. Keeping our emotions together while performing our jobs shows that we know how to behave in an ethical manner.
In the article, the author introduced a model of ethical decision making, which integrates cognitive-developmental and virtue-ethics perspectives, and this model contributes to the understanding of auditors’ ethical judgments and actions. Cognitive-developmental researchers believe that individual’s moral development, propensities, and situational and personal variables influence auditor’s ethical decision processes. Rest (1994) determines the four components of ethical decision-making. The first component is ethical sensitivity, which is the awareness of a dilemma and the initial cognitive considerations of alternatives and impacts. The second component is perspective reasoning, which is the individual’s ethical cognition to figure out the ideal solution for the dilemma.