The nuclear stockpile residing in Pakistani creates a potentially devastating threat to the security of the world. For years Taliban, Al Qaeda, and terrorists sympathizers have emphasized a necessity to obtain Pakistan’s nuclear weapons. The United States has recognized the importance of securing the weapons, but Pakistan is persistently assuring the U.S. of the stockpiles safety and has even taken offense to such safety accusations. It is hard to thoroughly trust the credibility of Pakistani statements because of the connection between the Pakistan government and terrorist organizations. Despite continuous allegations from Pakistan regarding the safety of their nuclear stockpile, the U.S. should intervene and cease the arsenal due to increasing terrorist threats, corrupt Pakistani officials working with the terrorists, and a weak political infrastructure showing signs of failing.
Nuclear weapons were both the good and the bad of the Cold War. The production of Nuclear Weapons created vagueness, doubt, and skepticism between countries because they never knew when the Cold War would go into action. Furthermore, they always had to be aware of their position because things could be mistaken as a gathering of ammunition in attempt to soon start a war. They were good however because of the advancement that it created in weapons and technology we have presently. Nuclear Weapons were an influential part of warfare that altered the way wars would be fought from the end of the Cold War on.
Technology Strategy Tactics The key to understanding the issue is to understand how the three elements, technology, tactics and strategy are connected to each other and more specifically, how changes in one area of will drive changes in the other. Technology is the core to the whole process. A requirement is identified and a weapon, or weapons system is created in order to fill that requirement. Once this has been done, the military leader... ... middle of paper ... ...s Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI) or "Star Wars" plan that finally broke the economically weaker USSR. Currently, the US Army's is driving toward the development of a Strategic Anti-missile System; resent successful tests of this new technology raise the specter of a return to the winnable war scenario.
British and US scientists concentrated on fission of U-235 which would lead to a new element of mass U-239 an atomic number of 94 in which would lead them to discover neptunium #93 and plutonium #94 which was based off the finding of the uranium element (“Outline History of Nuclear Energy” 1). Harnessing energy from this was the main intention in 1945 (“Outline History of Nuclear Energy” 1). The atomic bomb development most focused on through 1939 to 1945. The Manhattan Project was the creation and testing of the first atomic bomb, 1942-1945 (“Nuclear History Timeline” 1). The first atomic device was successfully tested in New Mexico on July 16, 1945 (“Outline History of Nuclear Energy” 1).
Atomic Bomb On August 2, 1939 Albert Einstein wrote to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This was right before the start of World War 2. In this letter Einstein and several other scientists told Roosevelt of the efforts Hitler was making to purify U-235 in which he hoped to make an atomic bomb. This is when the United States started the Manhattan Project. This was the project of making an atomic bomb.
The hydrogen bomb, a thermonuclear weapon is an explosive device that creates its explosion by fusing two atoms together, to create a reaction similar to the processes that happens on the sun. The concept was first developed in 1952, during the cold war, and the bombs continually grew in destructive potential until the Tzar bomb, a 50 megaton bomb, that was detonated by the Soviets in 1961. The hydrogen bombs were unique to atomic bombs, because unlike the atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs had no conceivable limit to their size. This in turn made it possible for scientists to build as big as they wanted. The hydrogen bomb was a definite step up from the kiloton range of the atomic bombs.
In fact, their weaponry build up led to a term called Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD), a form o... ... middle of paper ... ... with the most power, influence, and military spending in the world. So if one of them does not want the U.N. to get involved in a situation, then they have the power to veto any decisions (Goldstein, 2008), making it more difficult for peace to be implemented in areas of their involvement. Even though modern states claim to strive for peace, there are many examples when their actions do not agree with that goal, instead focusing on militarism and warfare. This is shown through the creation and build up of nuclear weapons, the U.S.A.’s “war on terror,” and the world’s involvement and noninvolvement in the U.N.’s peacekeeping efforts. Hopefully the world will come to its senses one day and realize that their militaristic and destructive ways will not create a better world for anyone and will put turn their efforts and finances toward real peace and development plans.
Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=7828d023-46bc-49cb-bb5e-251407b1d1f4%40sessionmgr4001&vid=19&hid=4214&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=tth&AN=17647241. Schwartz, S. (1998). 50 Facts About U.S. Nuclear Weapons. Brookings Institution. Retrieved from http://www.brookings.edu/about/projects/archive/nucweapons/50.
Nuclear Terrorism is Possible, but Not Probable Abstract: Terrorist groups constantly strive to obtain a legitimate nuclear warhead. Iraq spent many years acquiring and constructing nuclear weapons but they were invaded by the USA before completion of the weapons. Terrorist groups are acquiring the materials necessary, but they have failed to enrich the nuclear materials to weapon-grade levels. Financial support, time, proper materials, advanced nuclear reactors, and most importantly, experts in a variety of fields are necessary for the construction of a nuclear bomb. These components combined make the challenge very difficult for a terrorist group to succeed.
The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was the code name of the America’s attempt to construct an atomic bomb during World War II. It was named after the Manhattan Engineer District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, because a lot of it’s earlier research was done in New York City. An atomic bomb is a weapon that uses the energy from a nuclear reaction called Fission for its destruction. The idea that mass could be changed into energy was predicted by Albert Einstein in the earlier part of the 1900’s. John D. Cockcroft and Ernest Walton confirmed this by experiments in 1932.