The Germans tried to use this energy, as did the United States and Russia. Americans spent billions of dollars on the Manhattan Project, headed by J. Robert Oppenheimer. This project was held in Los Alamos, New Mexico. The bomb produced a huge explosion. Although this explosion was spectacular, the deadly force of an atomic bomb was shown when the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima during War II.
Once the bomb was tested, the United States had to decide whether it should be used and if so, where? Then there was the process of dropping the bomb. The Manhattan Project was overall one of the highest and most significant projects ever done in the United States.2 The United States government was shocked by the news of German scientists discovering nuclear fission. The news came to the United States from Albert Einstein. Einstein found out the nuclear fission information from a German physicist named Leo Szilard.
The 100 foot tower which housed the bomb was totally destroyed by the blast. ("World War II", 1997, 1-2). After the bomb exploded, Robert Oppenheimer, the head of the Manhattan Project, said, "Behold. I have become death, destroyer of worlds." (Hoare, 1987, 18) When Harry Trum... ... middle of paper ... ...p; The United States, as well as the Allied forces, saved many lives by dropping the atomic bomb.
As the research for the first atomic bomb started, the military began its own preparation to use the atomic bomb. On Tuesday, August 29, 1944, General Barney Giles, assistant Chief of Air staff, decided that a well-respected Lieutenant Colonel Paul Tibbet should be awarded the honor of flying the first atomic mission. General Ent formally assigned the 393rd Heavy Bombardment Squadron, based in Nebraska, to Colonel Tibbet. Its fifteen bomber crews would provide the world’s first atomic strike force capable of delivering nuclear bombs on Germany and Japan. Their training base was at Wendover, Utah and the code name this project was named “Silverplate.” Tibbet was warned to commit as little as possible on pape... ... middle of paper ... ...ing in its path.
The design of Little Boy used the gun assembly method, by shooting one piece of the uranium into the other to create a chemical explosion. Another atomic bomb codenamed Fat Man was detonated over Nagasaki. Fat Man was an implosion type bomb. It was a design in which the plutonium-uranium combination was enclosed by high explosives to compress it. The Manhattan Project brought together a cast of specialists that would redefine the use of atomic power.
This design, embodied in the test device called Gadget, involved a new technology that could not be adequately evaluated without a full-scale test. Less than a month later, the United States dropped two nuclear weapons of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians. When President Truman heard word of the successful bombing in Hiroshima he exclaimed, “This is the greatest day in history!” The United States conducted six nuclear tests before the Soviet Union developed their first atomic bomb.
The Germans discovered nuclear fission, which is the basis of the nuclear detonation, and Albert Einstein brought the theory to the United States (Alperovite 164). United States government applied the physics of nuclear fission/fusion in the 1942 Manhattan project during WWII to develop the atom bomb (Cochran). The Manhattan project was an attempt to create the atom bomb, the most powerful bomb of its time (Maddox 25). The United States finished the Manhattan Project before the Germans and on June 16, 1945 America detonated its first successful test in Trinity, New Mexico(Rhodes and Richard 88-93). Briliant lights and a massive mushroom clout that was an effect of the explosion was seen for miles around.
Maybe the first step towards the atomic bomb was when Einstein sent his fabled letter to President Roosevelt. Regardless of when exactly these events started, they would lead to the creation of one of the most dangerous weapons to ever be conceived. World renowned physicists, such as Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard, would help build the atomic bomb and vastly improve America’s understanding of science with their inventions, including the Chicago Pile-1. Bigger and greater experiments were then done by the Uranium Committee and the famed Manhattan Project, all building up to the fatal day of the bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These attacks would rock the foundations of war, as it changed all previous parameters.
At this site, scientist and laborers were separating U-235 from U-238. Here the Hiroshima bomb was built in huge buildings and the locals could only imagine... ... middle of paper ... ...s. On April 6, 1945 at about 8:15 AM, before air raid alarms could go off, little boy exploded. The temperature was estimated to reach over 1,000,000 degrees Celsius. This bomb initially killed about a hundred thousand people, then injured about the same amount, and that does not include how many it killed after the blast from exposure to the radiation. Two days after the first bomb was dropped the U.S.S.R declared war on Japan.
In 1944, the United States knew Ger... ... middle of paper ... ...knows the United States has the power to use fission bombs. “It was not the bomb itself that caused surrender but it was the experience of what an atomic bomb does” (Stimson). The Manhattan Project totaled to a cost of two billion dollars. They were able to create fission bombs that changed the look and destruction of war (Stimson). With Japan’s surrender, World War II was coming to an end.