When a terrorist clearly have a willingness to harm the lives of millions of people, why is it not justified, to inflict pain on the terrorist, with the aim of wanting to protect and secure the lives of many more innocent people? Surely it is a right decision! Now one may look at this argument: The Constitution of America protects the interest of one's rights but, to torture a person is a breach of law that protection of interest is not there. Therefore, Torture is illegitimate. Torturing is however, is an illegal act only when the aim behind it is deemed reasonably immoral.
Therefore, Torture is unconstitutional. Torturing is however, unconstitutional only when the motives behind it are deemed reasonably immoral. We should then of course not inflict pain mainly just to force the other party to confess the truth to a matter if he does not wish to. But what if the truth will then lead to the location of say, a timed-bomb, which will then be diffused in time to prevent an entire office block to collapse, bringing with it a thousand or more lives? Should the constitution then continue to protect the terrorist against such torture?
Wrong is Wrong Saying that “the ends justify the means” is an invalid statement , those agreeing with this statement obviously believe that killing, stealing, and cheating does not matter as long as it has a good outcome and the goal is obtained.The phrase “the ends justify the means” refers to the morality of an action,which basically means “A good outcome excuses any wrongs committed to attain it.” (End Justifies the Means, the). This topic is among the most controversial subjects discussed today. Practicing and preaching the belief that the ends justify the means would consider to be immoral. The acts of killing,stealing, and cheating goes against the ten commandments. Killing is the act of taking someone’s life, whether it be out of spite, revenge, or self-defense.
Cultural relativists accept diversity and strive to study it while ethical relativists do not think that there is a universal right or wrong and see ethics as relative. Culture relativists may criticize ethical relativists because they are not able to be critical of what they believe is evil, as commented on in lecture. Ethical relativists believe that we should tolerate other cultures that may be perceived as inhuman and evil because these practices are relative. As said in lecture, to be a cultural relativist without being an ethical relativist would be by being aware and interested in learning about the various
Torture: The Extremity of “Enhanced Interrogation Methods” Torture is a severe form of brutality and is not justified. The United States government should never permit torture in its counter-terrorism efforts, as it is not ethically permissible and would violate the ethical frameworks of rights, the common good, and virtue. The claim that torture can be morally vindicated in particular cases is outweighed by the harms it actually causes especially to civil liberties and human dignity. Ultimately torture is a violation of human rights. In respect to the rights ethical framework, “people are not objects to be manipulated; it is a violation of human dignity to use people in ways they do not freely choose” (Andre 2014).
At first glance, Utilitarian moral theories may seem to support the idea of torturing this innocent man. If we look at this situation we see that there is a dilemma of hurting one man, or having to bear the death of many. We may say that since the basis of Utilitarianism is to do what is best for the greater good, then there is no question that we would torture this one man so that we may save thousands. Take a step back and look at this situation from another angle. What truly is the greater good here?
The basic necessities for living a good life would be peace and harmony in the society, which would establish good interpersonal relationships among people and ensure that people can maintain a symbiotic relationship with each other. Now, morality in itself is a very subjective term. It is excessively difficult to define morality with precision. In general terms, we can say morality is something that is normative and value based and is always, always in general interest. Morality is a dynamic entity.
American intelligence agents have been torturing terrorist suspects, or engaging in practices pretty close to torture. However, I believe that physical torture should not be leagalized in the U.S because it is immoral, and it costs us the moral high ground that we have professed to over 200 years. It gives encouragement and relief to our enemies. It weakens the certainty of our own people and military personnel in the importance of our core and conduct. One reason to prohibit torture is to get our enemies to do the same.
Torture can be defined as the “intentional infliction of physical and mental suffering aimed at forcing someone who is defenceless at the purpose of breaking their will” (Rodley, 2000). It is important to note, that if a person has been tortured, even if their mental will has not been broken, the process and the purpose of torture is to break the victims will. Thus, the purpose does not have to be realised for the process to be considered an instance of torture. With that being said, under international law, torture is illegal in any form or situation whatsoever. Although it continues throughout the world, issues such as the “War on Terror” with the possibility of WMDs has resulted in an influx of questions regarding torture and its moral justifications in some extreme emergencies.
In this paper I will argue that torturing a person is never a best way to bring about a much greater good except in extreme emergency situations. I will also argue that he degree of torture should vary in these extreme emergency situations and the torturer should be able to justify why did he torture the person. I will elaborate on torture and why I believe it is never the best way to bring about a greater good after a very brief description of what torture is and under what circumstances people ought to be tortured. Torture is basically inflecting unbearable pain in a person in order to break his/her will to obtain certain information. Most commonly torture is used on people who are considered as a threat to the nation or simply who defy the patriot act that is they indulge in some form of terrorism.