In conclusion, the material in Garbage Land connects to my research problem in that, it explains how the garbage collected from households is handled. Even though there are no aseptic techniques involved by the people handling this trash, it is clear that most of the waste obtained is recycled for re-use. Accordissng to Royte, 28% of the remainder is buried, 17% incinerated, and 1% is “surface disposed” without processing (Royte,
Research conducted by Lillianna Guerrero et al. at the Built Department at Eindhoven University of Technology in Den Dolech showing the challenges of waste management challenges for cities in developing countries that waste management comes at a high cost that most countries don’t have the money to set aside for in the annual budget (1). They found that even when the money is set aside, failure to follow guidelines hurts the budget even more. This is important because they must figure out how to make sure guidelines are followed so they can make planned budget costs. Budgeting for a smaller country with no money can be tough especially when there is another factor in their country that needs as much resources as it can get, such as food and water supply for their countries people. Worsening the problem can be avoided if they inform their people on how to properly dispose of their waste and recycle item that could be used in place of another object that will potentially end up as harmful waste. According to Guerrero’s research the outcomes are a comprehensive list of stakeholders that are relevant in the waste management systems and a set of factors that reveal the most important causes for the systems’ failure. For example, failure to educated the public causes incorrect disposal techniques to
The ordinance prohibits dumping of garbage anywhere other than those recognized and established garbage facilities, dumping of unclean and unsegregated waste, discharging of human dirt along the creeks and rivers, throwing of wastes in creeks, rivers, public places such as roads, sidewalks and establishments, and burning of garbage that are non-biodegradable wastes. It also requires residents to practice separating of wastes. Reusable solid wastes such as bottles, plastics, cellophanes and papers shall be brought to the community material recovery facility duly segregated or directly to the agent-buyers. Non-recyclable materials and special solid wastes will be brought to the material recovery facility, while hazardous wastes or chemicals will be disposed in coordination with concerned government agencies according to prescribed methods. The local government is responsible for collecting reusable, recyclable and non-biodegradable waste materials from the material recovery facilities; and transporting them to the recycling centers and or to the municipal material recovery facility. Collection of segregated solid wastes is scheduled per
Environmental pollution has been a major concern to many stakeholders due to the related adversities that are associated with the practice. Human beings in general are well known to like having comfort and convenience at the minimum costs possible. The results of this has been the focus on the short term gains with little or no thought spared for the long term consequences of our behavior. Environmental problems are usually long term and the solution to these problems will only be realized at a higher cost if the remedy is not initiated early enough. Management of solid waste has come with a lot of challenges especially when recycling issues come to board. Solid waste management through recycling is something that has to do with behavior change among the population. According to environmental psychologists, recycling has been referred to as a ‘commons dilemma’. This means that natural resources are being overused due to the existing conflict between individual and group interests. Nevertheless, the government has taken center stage in conservation of the environment through the initiation of the recycling programs.
In 1947 cities and towns in India generated an estimated 6 million tonnes of solid waste, in 1997 it was about 48 million tonnes. More than 25% of the municipal solid waste is not collected at all; 70% of the Indian cities lack adequate capacity to transport
The meaning of “waste” refers to useless, unused, unwanted, or discarded materials. Waste is a by-product that only differs from useful production by its lack of value. Municipal solid waste (MSW) is all the waste generated from the residential, commercial, institutional, construction and demolition, municipal services. There are many different categories of the waste such as; Domestic/residential solid waste, Commercial and institutional solid waste, Municipal solid waste, Industrial solid waste, Agricultural residues
Although the concept might seem easier to implement, numerous outstanding grievances hinder its implementation. From the research conducted, there are both internal and external hindrances in the society that would affect it implementation. After the implementation of the ideas, there would be both short and long-term effects in the society. There would be improved way of life as well as a conserved environment free from unregulated waste disposal. The implementation would be done in phases depending on the workload in each
Every year each American produces thousands of pounds of waste. A majority of them not even knowing where it is going to end up. I have always considered my family to not consume a whole lot, but after looking closer at my consumption and waste over the last few days, we may not consume as little as I thought. We were challenged to keep track of our interactions with plastic for 2 days. I knew I would lose track after about an hour. This task made me incredibly aware this last week of mine and my families total consumption and waste. Thinking about what makes up most of my waste and how I could reduce that, I came to the conclusion that by far most of my waste is plastic, and myself, along with other Americans in general can reduce our waste in many different ways
Have you ever imagined that Earth is no longer available due to pollution? As shown in Wall-E, people recognize that wastes can lead Earth to be unavailable for all lives because of toxic gas from wastes. In each day, tons of wastes are create, and they are disposed with vary disposal methods. Unfortunately, current disposal methods have limitations; landfill and incineration create harmful chemicals that pollute Earth. Even if people live only with necessity of life, wastes are still created and they needed to be disposed. Even though current waste disposal methods solve problems caused by wastes, they create another problem while disposing wastes. When disposing waste with current methods, wastes seem to be disappear, but they are remain in different form still polluting Earth in many ways like air, ground and water pollutions. To resolve addressed problem, the best way is to make no wastes, but it is impossible unless people can live without necessity of life. The other method is to improve waste disposal methods. There are some companies that try to prevent pollutions caused while disposing wastes. These companies try to develop safer waste disposal methods. Waste Management (WM) is the most famous companies among these eco-friendly companies, and WM shows some possible solutions for improving waste disposal methods. In addition, this article will analyze, critique and suggest improvements of Waste Management's three ways to dispose several types of waste: improving current recycling, renewable energy from Landfill gas (LFG), and waste conversion.
Nonetheless, waste can provide a source of income for citizens in the country if the current formal arrangement recognizes the informal sector and integrate them into the chain. Sachet water bags, empty bottles and other forms of plastics could easily be returned for cash and this could be a source of employment for people. Though this is being done in some parts of the country, it needs to be given a big boost. Citizens must be made to regard solid waste as a source of income not something destined for the landfill and they must be educated on the creation of wealth out of waste (Monney, I.
In India, according to the Ministry of Environment and Forests "municipal solid waste" includes commercial and residential wastes generated in municipal or notified areas in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical wastes. In simple words the municipal solid waste can be defined as the waste that is controlled and collected by local authority and municipality.
Across the world a problem has been growing for decades. The problem is garbage, especially municipal solid waste. Solid wastes are all the wastes arising from human activities that are normally solid and are discarded as useless or unwanted (Elfren Bringas Paz, 2006). Generally speaking, developing countries, which have higher productivity and high quality of living, produce more municipal solid waste per capita than low-income countries. This is also the reason why the USA and Canada are world leaders in waste production. For example, even with a plan to reduce waste production by 50%, Toronto, Canada, is running out of places to dispose its municipal solid waste. In 2007, every day each American produced 4.6 pounds of garbage on average. The amount of the municipal waste has more than doubled since 1960, and the per capita rate has increased by nearly 70% at the same time (Enger and Smith, 2002). Under this condition, the solid waste management has been one of the major concerns in urban management. This essay will compare and contrast the ways to deal with municipal solid waste in Canada and the USA. Firstly, it will compare the recycling programs supported by governments of these two countries. Following this, it will look at another two ways of waste disposal (landfill and incineration) and compare their applications in Canada and the USA. Finally, it will contrast the methods of garbage sorting in the two countries.
Solid waste pollution will always be an issue as long as human population increases everyday .solid waste is not only cause by household only, the industries as well have hand on environment pollution. And due to improper disposal system solid waste end up on the road. Solid waste have a huge effect on human life and can also cause death in animals as well, as people clean their houses everyday litter their trash everywhere this problem will not stop. But the most dangerous waste are those coming from the industries, because those waste end up in stream, rivers where it poisonous and have bad impact on the marine life. Industrial waste are the source of toxic metal and hazardous waste that effect soil characteristic and productivity of soil when dumped in ground. And the problem lies where some of the waste do not decompose. These solid waste are hazardous, Pesticides poisonous which is not health and life threatening to both humans and animals. People are very much aware of recycling to reduce pollution yet they still fail in doing so. Silt build in freshwater water ecosystems, caused by the unnecessarily agricultural activities smothers aquatic organisms. To reduce solid waste they should be recycled in such a way that do not harm the both the environment, water, air and human health. There are animals such as
The solid wastes are produce not only by households; it’s contributed by hospitals and corporations. Hospitals throw away bandages, use needles and latex gloves, these items hospitals throw away daily all the time because they can’t be reuse for the safety of its patients. Corporations throw away a lot of waste as well such as papers that they use whether in writing or in projects. All of these leftovers after consumptions are waste that is produced by our daily actions.
Efficient waste managing approaches help with reducing and avoiding unpleasant impact on the environment and human health, while allowing financial development and progress in the quality of people’s life. People do not even imagine what is the size and capacity of their activities and the impact they produce on the environment. Garbage is an important ecological problem. It is seems amazing that approximately all of the citizens of the world identify rubbish as a major environmental problem and yet these people still litter. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (2008), an American produces 250 million tons of garbage per year (para.2). There are different circumstances that are based on the society, environmental conditions, occupation and size of each of the different family. As Richmond (2010) stated, if no administration organizations has the responsibility or resources to concentrate their efforts on the waste disposal, then the responsibility to do that is on ...