Over time as more and more Asian, specifically Chinese, immigrants arrived the American society felt as though they were being outnumbered in the labor work force. This is a major point that Zhu makes in his narrative about what led to the riot and the actions that followed. The nativist Americans in the labor force felt as though these Chinese immigrants were threatening their livelihood. Chinese immigrants would work for far less than the average American labor worker, which led to Chinese being hired over Americans. These looked over Americans grew in their resentment and anger toward the Chinese as this theme continued over time.
During the 1890’s, the Chinese people felt that foreigners not only had brought commercial and territorial demands but also had corroded the Chinese culture. Educated Chinese felt that foreigners humiliated China and they resented even the lowliest European clerk. China then was bombarded with European religion, science, and art from the Jesuit missionaries. As time passed, the power of China grew weaker because successive emperors failed to bring China into the modern world. The Boxer Uprising of 1899-1900 was a turning point in China's history.
Most of them worked on the railroads because "the Gold Rush had fueled the demand for rail lines to link the east and west coasts of North America." When America hit economic decline, many Americans lost their jobs because their employer could not afford to handle as many people with less money. This made the Americans compete for jobs that the Chinese had. Of course the employer of the Chinese would be American, so he would hire Americans instead of Chinese. Eventually, Congress passed an act called the Chinese Exclusion Act, which said that no more Chinese could come to the United States.
The immigration story of the Chinese had forced them to make a living, or work for what they wanted to one day become known for. Before the time the Chinese arrived in Canada, problems had occurred on the homeland. At the time most European countries had been coming to china to sell goods, when they had suddenly lost to Great Britain in the Opium war in 1842 to 1860. This had forced china to open ports for trade in Europe. This devastating issue made the Chinese community hassle knowing that the European would be invading.
Chinese immigrants faced a difficult time in America. They had to overcome a lot of hardships in order to survive. They had to overcome poverty in their country to get here while still facing cheap wages when working here. They got payed little to work in harsh environments that most Americans were to afraid to. Some Chinese were also stealing some of the Americans jobs which led to a lot of people hating them.
Of the copious number of immigrant groups to come to America, the Chinese definitively embodied this vision, and took advantage of their opportunities. Some of the reasons many Chinese chose to immigrate to America in the 1800’s were because of dreadful conditions in China, hopes of economic prosperity seen in the Gold Rush of 1849, and labor demands from the building of the Transcontinental Railroad. Even though the Chinese immigrants would provide a lasting impact on a growing America in the 19th century, they would never get the proper credit they deserve. The negative circumstances surrounding China in the 19th century were critical in driving masses out of the country. For one thing, China is no stranger to droughts, in fact “The four famines of 1810, 1811, 1846 & 1849 are reported to have killed no fewer than 45 million people in China over a 39-year period” (Barnes, 2011).
By the end of the First Opium War China had begun to lose its sense of identity through the use of treaties and encroachment of foreign countries, starting with the British and their Treaty of Nanking. Throughout the years Britain had always tried to use the Chinese markets to their advantage. This is what was seen as the biggest and only cause towards starting the First Opium War. Although the British were gaining a profit from selling their own goods to Chinese consumers, they were not making enough to counter the massive amount of spending they were doing on Chines... ... middle of paper ... ... to the Treaty of Nanking creating new ports for foreigners and allowing them to live lives contrary to what was expected of the people of China. The Chinese man had become addicted and it was just getting easier for him to get the opium he needed to satisfy his need, but in order to attain the opium he was leaving behind everything that his country had taught him about his sense of self.
)” (172). In order to keep its power, China needed to make people quite the smoking habit. Chinese’s attitude towards the foreigners is one reason which caused the Opium War. The middle kingdom China did not realize their over-confidence made them step into a dangerous trap. There was a demand for Chinese tea from ... ... middle of paper ... ... families suffered, but also showed Qing Dynasty’s decline point in the history.
The Irish’s animosity toward African Americans was further fueled in the Civil War. They were displeased with President Lincoln’s decision to free the slaves. They feared that the slaves would drive them out of the job market. Thus, the Irish fully supported the Civil War “only to preserve the Union.” On the other hand, the Chinese left their country due to harsh economic conditions and conflicts caused by the British Opium War. Most of the Chinese immigrants were men who came to find work opportunities, and send money back home.
This was not only applied to the Chinese but to the Japanese as well. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Yellow Peril heightened only more and many more people became racist the Chinese and Japanese. After the 1853 recession, many Californians were looking for cheap labor to capitalize on profits. Chinese immigrants came to America for a assortment of reasons, including work in the Pearl River delta region, and the company of sensibly fast trade routes to the United States, and the attraction of gold. As a result of their lower demand for wages, and their inclination to form self-supporting communities without support, Chinese immigrants became the best option of labor for many people.