They also thought to stockpile the money and bring back to China with them. The main and most important reason the Chinese immigrated was the economic hardship in China due to the British dominance over the country, after Britain defeated China in the Opium War of 1839-1842. The United States resented the Chinese for invading their borders. As one San Francisco newspaper said, “Step up to the front…and battle to hold the Pacific Coast for the white race.” (32) Americans looked down and condemned the Chinese because of their race. The way the Chinese dressed, and styled their hair made the Americans perceive them of not having proper gender roles.
Chinese immigrants faced a difficult time in America. They had to overcome a lot of hardships in order to survive. They had to overcome poverty in their country to get here while still facing cheap wages when working here. They got payed little to work in harsh environments that most Americans were to afraid to. Some Chinese were also stealing some of the Americans jobs which led to a lot of people hating them.
Having escaped their misfortunate pasts, the Chinese immigrants took the opportunities afforded to them in the gold mining fields and on the railroad tracks. Providing a much needed labor force to America at the time, the Chinese would never get their just credit. Instead they would be discriminated more in the years to come. Acts such as the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 would greatly reduce the number of Chinese immigrants allowed to come into the country ("The Chinese," n.d.). Coupled with measures put in place by the state of California such as the “Anti-Coolie Act of 1862”, the Chinese immigrants faced humiliation after contributing so much to the United States of America.
They traded with each other quite often, and American businessmen went over to start businesses in China, which helped out the economy a lot. When the Gold Rush started, there was a really bad disease that had gone all over southeast China. This made many Chinese leave in hopes of striking gold and becoming rich in America, although almost all of them did not. Since they did not find gold, they were forced to take on jobs, which were hard work and low pay since they were immigrants. Most of them worked on the railroads because "the Gold Rush had fueled the demand for rail lines to link the east and west coasts of North America."
As stated in Menlo’s Sun Server, when the American economy became unstable during the Panic of 1873, labors thought that the "working and low-paid" Chinese were receiving more money than they should, therefore reducing the non-Chinese workers’ wages. The Chinese eventually became scapegoats for the economic downfall, and the non-Chinese workers started propaganda against the Chinese, making cartoons and slogans like “Mark the man who would crush us to the level of the Mongolian slave.” Immigration taxes and laundry-operation fees were passed to limit Chinese population (Menlo’s Sun Server). Ultimately, ... ... middle of paper ... .... "Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences." Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences. University of Chicago, n.d.
The Taiping Revolution from 1850 to 1864, caused partially by flood and famine in Guangdong, disturbed the land and the created a financial problem for the people. Most immigrants moved to the United States also to find better paying jobs. Also they came because the laws are better and fairer in the United States then in china. Some resettled to the U.S to start a family or went there to be with their family that might have already been in the U.S. The outflow of more than 10 million teals of silver in 1848 intensified the copper-silver exchange rate problem.
There was a demand for Chinese tea from ... ... middle of paper ... ... families suffered, but also showed Qing Dynasty’s decline point in the history. However, at the same time, in long term consequence, its open door policy allowed more foreign products to enter China which has influence on science and technology. Opium War changed China from world power to a state being colonized by foreigners. It is just like changing from being a tiger in the forest to become a rabbit. It was no longer like before that China could get tributes from other countries; instead, China had to open foreign trade ports, ceded Hong Kong, paid a big amount of money to British, and allowed them to practice extraterritoriality.
At first they were welcomed as guests and treated with politeness by the local. However, as the political current changed, the whites oppressed them. The could not attain citizenship because they were not “white.” The California legislature passed the Foreign Miner’s tax, which charged three dollars per month for each miner. The Chinese could only live in certain neighborhood; even then, to prevent Chinese crowding together, the California legislature passed the Cubic Air Ordinance law, stating that each person require a certain amount of space. After the mines were dried out, the Chinese began working on the Continental Railroad.
The large numbers of immigrants that came during the nineteenth century angered many of the American natives and lead to them to blame the lack of jobs and low wages on the immigrants, especially the Asian communities. This resentment lead to the discrimination and legal exclusion of immigrants, with the first and most important law passed being the Chinese Exclusion Act. However, the discrimination the Chinese immigrants so harshly received was not rightly justified or deserved. With all of their contributions and accomplishments in opening up the West, they were not so much harming our country but rather helping it. The Chinese immigrants started flooding in through the West coast to California around the time of the Gold Rush, looking for economic opportunity.
Over time as more and more Asian, specifically Chinese, immigrants arrived the American society felt as though they were being outnumbered in the labor work force. This is a major point that Zhu makes in his narrative about what led to the riot and the actions that followed. The nativist Americans in the labor force felt as though these Chinese immigrants were threatening their livelihood. Chinese immigrants would work for far less than the average American labor worker, which led to Chinese being hired over Americans. These looked over Americans grew in their resentment and anger toward the Chinese as this theme continued over time.