Essay On Avian Influenza

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Avian Influenza

Avian Influenza is also known as the bird flu. The deadly form was first discovered in Italy in 1878. It is a Type A virus that occurs among wild aquatic birds and can infest domestic poultry and other birds and animal species. Although the virus does not normally infect human beings, there have been rare cases where humans have been infected with the virus. The disease is spread by contact with an infected bird’s feces, or secretion from its nose, mouth, or eyes. (Commission)
What are the causes of avian influenza? Due to the rare cases of human contact with the virus, humans should avoid the following things to prevent getting infected. They should avoid touching infected birds and secretions from infected birds such as saliva or fluids, de-feathering infected birds, and inhaling dried feces dust from infected birds. Also avoid preparing …show more content…

The first step to receiving a proper diagnosis of the virus is to call the hospital to speak with an on call doctor or nurse to alert them of your concerns. There are tests that is used to confirm avian influenza however, they are not readily available and must be ordered an advance. There are other test that the doctor can do includes Auscultation, chest x-ray, nasopharyngeal culture, throat virus detection by RT-PCR, and white blood cell differential. (Commission)
Treatment options for Avian Influenza The avian influenza can be treated with antiviral medications, such as Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza). The medications should be taken within 48 hours after symptoms have started to be effective. Oseltamivir is usually given to others who live in the same household with the infected person to prevent the spreading of the disease. Those with severe infection might be placed on a breathing machine. It is recommended to get an influenza (flu) shot to avoid the chance that avian flu virus mixing with a human virus.

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