Bacterial meningitis mainly occurs within the pia mater and arachnoid, subarachnoid space, the ventricular system of the brain and in the cerebrospinal fluid (textbook). In particular, bacterial meningitis can be caused by a large number of various bacteria. The most common bacterial agents that cause meningitis include Neisseria meningitides, group B Streptococcus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, and Streptococcus pneumoniae (Watkins, 2009). Bacterial meningitis is arguably one of the most dangerous infections that infants and children, in particular, may be exposed to (Huether et al., 2008). Sadly, it is most common in infants and it generally affects more males than females (Huether et al., 2008).
Chronic effects are severe, because they can affect the liver and kidney that are responsible for cleansing the human organism, excreting useless or toxic metabolites. Third, there are interactions of antibiotics with other substances that affect the treatment, causing either more or fewer effects. The commonest examples are oral contraceptive, which loses its effects, and alcohol, which increase side effects. However, there is still no evidence that proves these results. Nevertheless, doctors do not recommend drinking alcohol and antibiotic together, and use alternative contraceptive methods when the woman is on antibiotic therapy.
What is Chlamydia? It is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the U.S. Its full name is chlamydia trachomatis. It is a kind of bacteria that can infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, or eye. What does chlamydia cause? It causes PID (pelvic inflammatory disease), Sterility, and even death.
The symptoms of PID sometimes are nonexistent to intense lower abdomen pain. Treatments of PID range from antibiotics to alternate methods such as herbal, better nutrition, to acupuncture for acute PID. Like any STI, PID should be discussed with any new partner and a plan should be made to always wear a condom if refraining from sex is too difficult. PID is a serious condition one that can be prevented with proper knowledge and the right tools.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It primarily infects cells in the tube which carrries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body, and also the neck of the uterus. Chlamydia also infects the cells in the rectum and eyes. Chlamydia is the number one sexually transmitted disease in the United States, rates are highest in the West and Midwest. Missouri has a chlamydia rate that is much higher than the national average.
There are also strands of tuberculosis that are not affected by usual drugs but cannot stand against drugs that are used less often. There are different types of TB because over time some of the tuberculosis strands resist the drugs and become immune to the treatment (Koebler, 2013). When someone is infected, they have to completely beat the disease. This is because any surviving bacterium can carry the risk of the strand that becomes drug resistant. Over time, the bacteri... ... middle of paper ... ... and Prevention.
The people that are at risk the most are homosexual men, who are having unprotected sex, drug users who share the same needle, sexual partners who participate in high risk activities, and infants born to the mother who is infected with the HIV Virus. Aids begin with the HIV infection. The people infected with the HIV Virus may not have any symptoms for ten or more years, but they can transmit the infection to other during this system free period. Their immune system emptied by HIV and is very susceptible to opportunistic infections. Some of the common symptoms are fever, sweats, swollen glands, chills, weaknesses, and weight loss.
These two symptoms are present in Mr. Jone’s case thus making Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia an opportunistic infection worth investigating in details. Another opportunistic infection is pulmonary tuberculosis which in the context of HIV infection remains a common co-infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Temesgen, 2011, p. 423). From the results of the Mantoux reaction i... ... middle of paper ... ...toms of the patient. The prognosis of Mr. Jones illness following HIV-1 infection can be explained in reference to cohort studies done in the past. These studies found that the median time that it would take before serious complications arise would be about 7-11 years (Phair, 1993).
Syphilis can be a painful and disturbing condition and also fatal if it is not properly treated with the right medicine. To save you from the pain, suffering and cost, it is important to practice safe sex in order to avoid this nasty disease as well as other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Syphilis symptoms begin to appear between 10 to 90 days and consist of a primary stage; and a secondary stage. The primary stage is the multiple sores that appear on parts of the body where the bacteria entered. The sores are firm, round, and usually painless and can easily go unnoticed which makes the disease more likely to move onto the secondary stage.
A good condom would be one with a small latex tip to avoid breaking of the condom. Overall, latex condoms are good ways to prevent STD’s and pregnancy, but they do break, so its not 100% guaranteed to prevent pregnancy or disease. There are many methods out there, but the most effective method is to have sexual intercourse with one partner. Who thought that sex would be easy? It’s not.