During the Medieval Period, women were typically seen as inferior individuals that were put on the side and portrayed as damsels in distress always looking for a knight to save her life. Ladies possessed only characteristics like beauty, attractiveness, and grace and were expected to have no voice appearing only as a possession or prize of the brave Knight (Paris). The Medieval Ages was a time when women were totally dominated by the male members of their family. Men were seen as superior figures that had complete control over every aspect of a women’s life. Women were the property of their father and brothers until they were sold off or arranged to marry (Goldie 126).
Hawthorne grew up with “his mother became overly protective and pushed him toward relatively isolated pursuits” (Grade Saver 1). Whilst Hawthorne’s single mother life prospered, his odium for the belief of Puritanism started when he learned his association to Judge John Hawthorne, one of the judges who oversaw the Salem witch trails. Hawthorne loathed his ancestor and the belief profoundly enough to add a “w” in his last name to disregard any association with his predecessor. The Puritans do not believe in women staying alone without a male companion. On the contrary, his work The Scarlet Letter, introduces the first protagonist that is a feminist.
Henry Dashwood, father to Elinor, Marianne, Margaret Dashwood, and husband to Mrs. Dashwood, dies with only one heir to leave his house to. Mr. Henry Dashwood’s son is the product of a previous marriage and his current family does not affiliate with Mr. John Dashwood. John Dashwood is married to a very greedy wife, Fanny Dashwood, who urges Mrs. Dashwood and her daughters to move out of her newly inherited manor shortly after they move in. Marriage was important for women because it secured a woman’s financial position. A woman did not receive much money, if any at all, unless her mother's parents were wealthy.
The women in ‘Much Ado about Nothing’ defy traditional gender roles. Beatrice represents a brave and outspoken woman who defies the oppressive, traditional gender roles for the female sex. Her cousin Hero, however, represents those women who were successfully oppressed by the patriarchy and accepted the traditional gender roles without much complaint. The Elizabethan society in which Shakespeare lived during his life held a misogynistic ideology in high esteem. ‘Much Ado about Nothing’ was written in 1598-9, during a time when women were second class citizens compared to males and were considered to be inferior to males in every way.
Women’s Roles in Beowulf Are women in this poem active equals of the men? Or are they passive victims of the men? The role of the women in Beowulf is not a stereotyped one of passive homemaker, but rather one having freedom of choice, range of activity, and room for personal growth and development, such as is reflected in Anglo-Saxon England of the time. Beowulf makes reference to Ingeld and his wife and the coming Heathobard feud: in that hot passion his love for peace-weaver, his wife, will cool (2065-66) This is a rare passage, for Anglo-Saxon poetry rarely mentions romantic feelings toward women. In fact, one’s marital status wasn’t even considered significant.
The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Nina Baym. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2007. Print. Robinson, Lillian S., and Greg Robinson.
Some great literary scholars think that the poem is an heroic elegy, celebrating the fantastic achievements of its great hero, and also expressing sorrow or lamentation for the hero’s unfortunate death. In “Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics” Tolkien states: We must dismiss, of course, from mind the notion that Beowulf is a “narrative poem,” that it tells a tale or intends to tell a tale sequentially. The poem “lacks steady advance”: so Klaeber heads a critical section in his edition. But the poem was not meant to advance, steadily or unsteadily. It is essentially a balance, an opposition of ends and beginnings.
Fate, Destiny, and Predestination in Beowulf An epic story is one that combines elements of supernatural powers and heroic deeds with plebeian troubles. In Beowulf , the unknown author paints a typical yet magnificent tale that is one of the great epic chronicles of the Middle Ages. Like the poems of Homer, Beowulf possesses terrible monsters, men with supernatural powers, the search for glory, and deadly defeats. However, this medieval account brings a new element into the folds: the association between established religious forces and personal choices. The concepts of predestination and fate intertwine in this work with the idea of free will.
The narrator says that Beowulf "had long been despised, so that the sons of the Geats did not reckon him brave, nor would the lord of the Weather-Geats do him much gift-honor on the mead-bench" (Howe, 37). Beowulf doesn't earn his glorious reputation in the land of the Geats according to these lines, and these lines also show that it is not until he is older that his name is highly regarded. The passage also introduces Freawaru, the daughter of Hrothgar, who is to act as a peace-weaver between the Danes and the Heatho-bards. Beowulf is skeptical of any possibility of peace between the two tribes. There is a discrepancy within the text of Beowulf because Beowulf here tells of cutting off Grendel's Mother's head, when previously the text tells us that he has cut off Grendel's head.