Environment Of Computer System

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Introduction
Computer systems can be found in varying environments, these are; at home, in businesses, computer gaming, networking and real-time situations. Computers systems can be classified into the following categories; microcomputers, minicomputers, mainframes and super computers. Different environments will have certain computer systems which are appropriate for that setting.
Microcomputers can be categorised as personal computers (PC’s) and mobile computers. Mobile computers can be devices such as laptops, PDA’s, smart phones and tablets. Microcomputers are the most used type of computer system in existence today, the reason for this is they are the cheapest and smallest of all. Most microcomputers have a single-chip processor, memory
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Workstations can be interpreted as two ways. Traditionally a workstation was known as a computer connected to a network such as the internet, but now it’s also common to refer to workstations as computers that are slightly more powerful than a personal computer. The definition of a workstation in the oxford online dictionary is “a desktop computer terminal, typically networked and more powerful than a personal computer”(http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/). Furthermore, minicomputers are not designed for single use. Minicomputers have had the following effects on environment:
Home – Minicomputers aren’t usually found in the home environment. A user could work from the home but then that environment would become a business environment.
Business – The business environment is where the minicomputers can be found the most. Small business and firms use minicomputers. A firm would use minicomputers at departmental level. One department may for example use a workstation to monitor production processes. Architects and engineers also use workstations. An engineering firm may find that a microcomputer doesn’t have the processing power to complete engineering tasks and a workstation is
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Thanks to mainframes users can do online banking or withdraw money from an ATM. Although a microcomputer will needed to access the customer’s account, a mainframe handles the process of transferring money. Airline companies such as British Airways use mainframes to allow users to book seats online. When a seat is booked the mainframe operates quickly so that taken seat isn’t booked by another user. Hotels likewise use mainframes to allow users to make online bookings.
Supercomputers are high performance systems used for multiprocessing. They are the most expensive and largest of all computer system types. They are also the least common. They are usually found a large ventilated rooms sometimes the size of a building. Supercomputers like mainframes can be found in business and real-time.
Business - Companies and governments use supercomputers for research and exploration. NASA uses supercomputers for space shuttle launches, control and space exploration. No other type of computer system will be able to do this. Governments and companies also sue supercomputers for weather forecasting Supercomputers handle large amount of data from different locations to predict the

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