English Legal System

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The English legal system refers to the system of law that has developed in England from approximately 1066 (the Middle Ages) to the present . The body of English law includes legislation, common law, and a plethora of other legal norms established by Parliament, the Crown and the judiciary. English law is one of the major European legal systems (the other one being Roman law) and has spread to foreign nations such as Canada, Australia and New Zealand, which also happen to be former English colonies. Almost every facet of the law of the United States was derived from it during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries , a testament to the influence of English law.

There are many components of the English legal system, which is embodied in the common law of today. A unique feature of English law is that it is based on judicial precedents, whereby the outcome of a particular case becomes legally binding for future cases. It can also be classified into two components, public and private law, the former comprising of civil and criminal law, while the latter is comprised of …show more content…

When one thinks of separation of powers, one would imagine the separation of powers with regards to the main bodies of Parliament, those being the legislation, executive and judiciary. However, the separation of powers in this context is that within the judiciary, between the judges and the jury. As seen in both Bushell’s Case and McKenna, the jury is independent from the judges. The jury represents the voice of the people, hence their decisions are taken to reflect what the ordinary person would feel and how he would react to the evidence laid down before him. It is unlawful if the judges attempt to take that privilege away from a juror, and interference from a judge could be seen as bias towards a certain party. Therefore, it is crucial that both the judges and the jury act intra vires while in

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