Reasons for Chosen Approach
In treatment for Santos family, the most effective approach is Emotionally Focused Family Therapy (EFFT), due to the presenting problem, agency resources and family members’ involvement, developmental age of the client, and cultural considerations.
As described earlier, the presenting problem was Ana’s recent emotional outbursts and patterns of negative behaviors. In the beginning of treatment, a targeted goal for intervention was improving Ana’s emotional regulation and self-soothing skills. EFFT was an ideal intervention because it primarily focuses on processing and identifying emotions. Emotions communicate to the self and others what a person needs and is motivated to move toward (Bowlby, 1969). EFFT will also…show more content… Ana’s relationship with her main caregiver, mom, was seen as a main concern. The development of a secure relationship between child and caregiver is universal across various cultures (Santiseban et al, 2012). Attachment is important not only in terms of those characteristics that are internalized by the child that shape personality, but also in terms of the quality of support and connection that will be evident in the family over the person’s lifetime. Family therapists work to interpret the interpersonal interactions between two different individuals’ internalized working attachment models. EFFT works to address the attachment concerns present in the Santos…show more content… Family therapy is not always an available option for many clients because of inadequately trained social services or the family members are not able to attend sessions. The agency has been involved with the Santos family, especially mom. It was able to provide time, transportation to home, and art supplies needed for EFFT interventions.
EFFT is also appropriate for the client’s developmental age. As a 10 year-old girl, Ana falls into Piaget’s Concrete Operational stage. During ages 7-11, children have developed mastery over operations that involve logic and reasoning (Rogers, 2013). Ana has developed conversational skills and flexible thinking. Ana’s developmental stage is appropriate for the EFFT model because she able to engage in emotional regulation activities and contribute in conversation.
It is also important to acknowledge the cultural context of the Santos family when applying best-fit treatment models. EFFT, a form of family therapy, is encouraged as form of counseling because of Latino culture. Familiso in the Latino culture regards family relationships in high value (Bean, Perry & Bedell, 2001). Individual identities are seen as directly related to family systems. The emphasis of family encourages the use of family therapy for the Santos.