The Suez was very important to Britain. Guarding the canal became a critical part of Britain’s foreign policy. Therefore, when fighting broke out in 1882, Britain took over the area and turned Egypt into a protectorate. Next the British turned their attention to Sudan. Water from the Nile River was essential to the people of Egypt.
After the end of the Second World War, Ethiopia was federated with Ethiopia in 1952. The beginning of the conflict was rather a result of a naïve; too haste decision from the Ethiopian side to abolished this federal system that was arranged by the United Nations. This triggered the civil war in Eritrea in early 1960s. The civil war was used by super powers of the Cold War as proxy war and Arab nationalists and Egyptians utilize it to undermine the economic development of Ethiopia and thereby to ensure the exclusive utilization of the Nile waters. Neighbouring countries such Somalia and Sudan encouraged civil war to weaken the central government of Ethiopia due to border disputes that existed for long-time.
For example, Somalia was long known to the Pharaonic Egyptians as the ‘God’s Lands’, the Land of Punt. The twentieth century was a remarkable time for the African continent, many African nations having fought bitterly for their independence from the European colonial powers that had occupied them. Starting with Kwame Nakruma’s Ghana, once the wheels of liberation began to spin, the mid-Twentieth century marked a time of jubilance and hope for the newly independent states and their still occupied cousins. Section 1 Somalia: 5 Point Star division Somalia and the Colonial legacy To understand the origins of the Ogaden War, it is imperative that we understand Somali culture, history, and it’s unique societal dynamics. The nation of Somalia as we know today, like most African nations, is a relatively new entity.
Suez Crisis The Suez Crisis marks major shift in the power relations of western Europe, signalling the rising importance of cold war politics in international crises, The Crisis has a big impact on Canada and our peace keeping ability's.Lester Pearson's idea to stop the crisis hepls show that we are a peacefull nation. Firstly, The Suez Crisis began on 26 July 1956, when United States' decision to withdraw its offer of a grant to aid the construction of Egypt's Aswan High Dam, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal. (1) The governments of Britain and France secretly began planning for an invasion of Egypt. Israel soon was doing its own invasion planning, completing its final plan on 5 October. After several international mediation efforts had failed, Britain and France agreed in mid-October 1956 to undertake a joint intervention in Egypt.
In the Novel Things Fall Apart, the author Chinua Achebe describes the setting of the Niger River being overrun by the British. Okonkwo was a very well respected man who lived in Umuofia and was a leader and a wrestling champion. The Europeans main motives for African imperialism were resources/slave labor, spread of Christianity, and Government changes. The Europeans invaded Africa to exploit the resources and people for their own benefits. The Europeans desire for more resources lead them to take over Africa.
The assassination of Patrice Lumumba and events leading up to it show how a country’s government can be destroyed by third-party intervention. Foreign meddling in the Congo, as a result of Cold War tensions and colonialism lead the country towards political turmoil. Works Cited 1. Edmond J. Clinton, American Bar Association Journal, Vol. 47, No.
Both ... ... middle of paper ... ...l partner. After victory and taking over of political power, EPLF maintained its old psychological perception of seniority and attempted to assert itself in the region. The new Eritrea under EPLF‟s leadership wanted to play the leading role in the development of the horn of Africa. Eritrea’s clashes with Sudan, Djibouti and Yemen are cases in point to illustrate Eritrea’s hegemonic ambition in the region (Tronvoll: 2004, p.51). However, depending on its wide resources, Ethiopia appeared much more hegemonic than Eritrea imagined.
The history of Eritrea is tied to its location on the Red Sea. Throughout history, especially since the opening of the Suez Canal, Eritrea has been invaded numerous times because of its strategic location on the Red Sea and because of its mineral resources. After the opening of the Suez Canal, many European powers raced to gain territory along the African Red Sea and Indian Ocean coastlines in order to establish ports for their trade routes. Italy officially colonized Eritrea in 1890 and along with Ethiopia and Somalia became known as the Italian East Africa. During World War II, the British expelled the Italians from Africa through the Battle of Keren, and in 1951, Eritrea was federated with Ethiopia, which eventually led to its annexation as an Ethiopian province in 1952.
The South Sudanese and Eritrean wars of independence are some of the long... ... middle of paper ... ... plagued with internal conflict amongst the rebels themselves. Strong leadership and evolving political organizations needed time to develop a platform on which all Eritreans and Southern Sudanese could unite in order for their long awaited secessions to be realized. Bibliography Collins, Robert O. A History of Modern Sudan. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
The British Cape Colony of South Africa had formerly been the great hub of all trade power in Africa and the Indian Ocean, and thus British economic interests in the area were severely damaged by the opening of the canal. The British empire had been trifled with, and their response to the Suez Canal would be one that would foreshadow many of their dealings in Africa. In 1875, Ismail Pasha, the ruler of Egypt, filed for bankruptcy due to his