Effects of Poland Syndrome on Middle School Girls

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Middle school is a hard time on girls with bullying, trying to fit in, and figuring out who they are. People don’t realize that middle school is a time when children are transitioning from childhood to the teenage years, which can come with emotions like confusion and frustration. Living with a rare birth defect adds more pressure to a young teenager. They’re different physically and children become more aware of that in the middle school years. This can cause even more bullying and possibly make the child feel like an outcast. Girls are brutal at this age by leaving others out and hurting others’ feelings just because they aren’t like everyone else. This can make it harder for those girls with birth defects to cope with the transitioning and stress of middle school. If these girls are bullied for just a few physical differences, it may be worse if they have another defect or disease causing yet another difference. Middle school girls diagnosed with Poland Syndrome - “described as an undevelopment or absence of the chest muscle on one side of the body and webbing of the fingers on the affected side” (The Genomics Landscape) - not only face more emotional issues than other girls their age, but they have more physical and immunity issues as well. This paper will examine the background information of Poland Syndrome, emotional stories of middle school girls with Poland Syndrome that went through stressful times with their birth defect, and how people with Poland Syndrome are more susceptible to other diseases and defects than others. About one out of every 10,000 to 100,000 births, a child is born with the birth defect: Poland Syndrome or Poland Anomaly. The birth defect can be apparent from either birth or adolescence depending on ... ... middle of paper ... ...al affects, emotional affects, and immunity issues as an everyday middle school girl. Works Cited “A Case of Poland Syndrome Associated with Dextroposition.” Italian Journal of Pediatrics. 20 February 2010: 21 – 36. Web. D. Bahubali; Gane; P. Femith; Rojo Joy; V. Prasad; B. Adhisivam; Vishnu Bhat. “Poland syndrome with dextrocardia and congenital heart disease: A case report.” Curr Pediatr Res. 17 Ed. 2013: 17. JIPMER, Pondicherry. Eric D. Green. The Genomics Landscape. January 7, 2014. National Human Genome Research Institute. Web. 3 December 2013. Genetics Home Reference. March 2013/ 27 January 2014. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Web. 3 December 2013. Scott, Jaylynn. Personal Interview. 3 December 2013. Sharp, Cynthia. P.S. You Are Loved. United States: Createspace, 2010. Print.

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