During the late 1940's and the 1950's, the Cold War became increasingly tense. Each side accused the other of wanting to rule the world (Walker 388). Each side believed its political and economic systems were better than the other's. Each strengthened its armed forces. Both sides viewed the Cold War as a dispute between right and wron...
Gaddis, John Lewis. We Now Know: Rethinking the Cold War: Dividing the World. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1997. Publishing.
In 1947, United States and the Soviet Union did not just declared the beginning of the Cold War, au contraire, they declared the creation of a new world order at which countries had to be aligned with one or the other. Neutrality was practically impossible, especially for those nations who took advantage of European weakness in order to declare their path to independence. The overriding concern in Washington and Moscow was maximizing their influence in Europe, but at the same time they started to look far beyond European countries to recruit new friends and establish strategic alliances.
After World War II, Europe emerged as a continent torn between two very different political ideologies, Communism and Democracy. As the two major superpowers, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States, struggled to defend their respective governmental policies, the European Continent was caught in an intrinsic struggle to preserve the autonomy which had taken so long to achieve. During the Cold War, Eastern European nations struggled to achieve autonomy with the help of the West's dedication to break the Soviet sphere of influence. After the disintegration of the USSR, the struggle for autonomy among nations shifted from an intense, inward, nationalistic struggle to break away from a superpower to a commitment of international unity and cooperation as nations began to take moral and political responsibility for their actions.
At the conclusion of World War II, the United States of America emerged as the savior of Europe and became one of the leading global political powers of the subsequent age. Behind the “iron curtain” of Easter Europe, however, another superpower, the Soviet Union, which was seemingly the exact opposite of the United States in every way imaginable, exerted its force to instill and defend communism in its surrounding satellite states. The ideologies of these two countries displayed myriad incompatibilities, and over a period spanning the next four decades, the Soviet Union and the United States of America attempted to gain military, political, and social advantages over each other in order to preserve their systems of life. Especially with the advent of nuclear weapons and warfare, both of these nations saw the other as a perilous threat not only to the continuation of the ideals of democracy in America and Communism in The Soviet Union, but also to the lives of their innocent civilians. Countless numbers of historians have argued over the question of which superpower initiated the conflict, which Walter Lippmann coined “The Cold War” in his book of the same title, but a consensus has not yet been reached. In general, however, the events of the Cold War, which thankfully did not result in a military conflict, followed a specific pattern: The United States’ paranoia over the expansion of the Communist bloc encouraged them to develop new weapons and exert their influence in numerous struggles in Europe, Asia and the Middle East. The Soviets, seeing this American initiative as a threat, also escalated their weapons and military programs.
Prior to the demolition of the détente policy, it was used to lessen the danger of nuclear war through negotiation of verifiable arms control agreements, a hallmark of détente; the centerpiece was the Soviet-America effort to limit the nuclear arms race. Détente did not mean to replace the Cold War with a structure of peace, but to manage the Cold War in a safer and more controlled manner so as to minimize the possibility of accidental war or a destabilizing arms movement. Détente later turned into a “new correlation of forces in the world arena” as countries started accepting détente as a sign of power instead of out of weakness. Although at first, the process of European détente won popular approvals in Europe’s Cold War divide, leading to a significant increase in trade between Eastern and western Europe, greater individual freedom of movement across the Iron Curtain, claming tensions across central Europe, and the growth of the ...
2 Charles S. Maier, ed., The Cold War in Europe: Era of a divided Continent (New York: Markus Wiener Publishing, Inc., 1991) 27.
As soon as the Bear Claw Tribe members completed the task assigned to them by the fallen angel, they headed to the lake intending to verify that the oil spill had indeed been fixed. Young and old alike hiked through the woods carrying sacred totem objects and sage to cleanse the area of its negative energy. When they reached the lake, the people mourned for the dead plants and trees, but were relieved that the oil had stopped gushing from the cracked reservoir. Now the land could begin to heal.