Dramatic Use of Images of Blood in William Shakespeare's Macbeth

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Dramatic Use of Images of Blood in William Shakespeare's Macbeth 'Macbeth' is the story of a nobleman, who, while trying to fulfil a prophecy told to him by three witches, murders his king to cause his ascension to the throne of Scotland. After the King's death, Macbeth reigns as a cruel and ruthless tyrant who is forced to kill more people to keep control of the throne. Finally, Scottish rebels combined with English forces attack Macbeth's castle. A Scottish thane named Macduff, who has sacrificed everything and whose family was killed by this tyrant, then kills Macbeth in the closing scene. Considering the fact that many people are killed in 'Macbeth', the number of murders committed on-stage is minimal. We have known blood to represent life, death, and often injury. Blood is an essential part of life, and without blood, we could not live. Shakespeare uses this fact to create imagery to represent treason, murder, guilt, and death. These ideas are constant throughout the play. King Duncan is the first to mention blood, and he does so in the second scene of the play. At this time, Scotland has defeated Norway; Macbeth and his best friend, Banquo, have led the Scottish forces to victory. The blood in this scene is depicted as showing honour and heroism. Duncan sees an injured Sergeant and says: "What bloody man is that?". This is symbolic of the brave fighter who has been injured in a valiant battle for his country. In the next passage, in which the Sergeant says: "Which smok'd with bloody execution", he is referring to Macbeth's braveness in which he covered his sword in the hot blood of the enemy. Macbeth's brutality ... ... middle of paper ... ...are conveys the theme of death, murder and treason through the imagery of blood effectively. Blood, being an important part of essential life, is a perfect metaphor for death and murder. It is an successful symbol and it is used well throughout the play. He uses this blood imagery to enhance the audience's understanding of Macbeth's character and the audience has now witnessed the complete transformation of Macbeth. He starts as a noble, brave and just person. He gradually becomes evil, ambitious and treacherous during and after Duncan's murder, after his initial feelings of remorse for his crime. He finally realises that he will be punished for his sins. Due to these many changes, it has been proved that the symbol of blood has different meanings, which can be attributed to it throughout the course of this play.
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