In his paper titled Terrorism, Counter-Terrorism and the Media (2008) he argued that terrorists manipulate mass media to interact with their audiences from many levels. The audiences here are varying from governments, public, supporters and potential recruits. As media has ‘power’ to reach those terrorists’ intended audiences, terrorists utilize media to gain publicity because mainstream media could make terrorists appear to be more significant than they are. This is important for the terrorists because they are need recognition. Crelinsten stated that, It is widely believed that the media provides the ‘oxygen of publicity’ for the terrorist.
It also offers these terrorists the ability to affect communities faster and much more intensely than earlier terrorists. In order to reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism, in regards to their threats, strategies and tactics, when dealing with the internet, a complete understanding of the nature of America’s enemies is necessary. But still, will the world ever be free of terrorism? Works Cited O'Conner 2011 James 2005
With this system, people can create and spread web pages, which contain texts, picture, and videos, and subsequently other people can easily access those pages via web browsers (Berners-Lee 2000: 10). Imagine how ideas and information can easily interchange throughout the network, which is an online global network. From this notion, imagine how the Internet has created the new era of freedom of speech—and obviously freedom of knowledge. Furthermore, since the inception of Google and other indexing and search engine websites, people have pe... ... middle of paper ... ...aims to investigate how terrorists use the Internet. It would also discuss the proportion that in the past terrorists were reliant on mass media to promote their causes they now can by-pass them and reach their audiences independently.
Terrorists are trying to be in the media as often and as long as possible, in order to become well known to the public. They attempt to influence the audience by spreading the word on the existence of the organization: the terrorists get attention, and people will be aware of the existence, methods, and targets of the group. In fact, terrorists are thus carrying out propaganda by proxy (Transnational Terrorism, 2008, p. 7). Terrorists use the media “not only to be known to the audience, they also want to try to get their messages across through the media. Sometimes this can be achieved merely by carrying out attacks: the audience may ask itself why people would do such things” (Transnational Terrorism, 2008, p. 8).
Some of the recent terrorist attacks indicate that the perpetrators of terrorism use the media for various purposes such as propaganda schemes, operational efficiency, recruitment, collecting information, and fund raising. Moreover, this history also indicates that the media has had a positive impact in lessening the effectiveness of terrorists. Media as a Force Multiplier for Terror Groups: Media plays a crucial role in terrorism either as a force multiplier for terror organizations or as a channel for lessening terrorist effectiveness. With regards to the role of the media as a force multiplier for these groups, terrorist acts are seemingly wasted without the media’s coverage of the incidents (Bilgen, 2012). This is primarily because the acts will remain restricted to the immediate victims instead of reaching the wider audience that the terror violence is targeted.
Merriam-Webster defines terrorism as, “the use of violent acts to frighten the people in an area as a way of trying to achieve a political goal.” This paper will attempt to highlight ways in which social media encourages terrorism. For the reader to develop a clear viewpoint, it is important for them to be aware of what terrorism is and what social media is. While the former has already been defined in the beginning, the latter, according to Wikipedia, can be defined as, "a group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0, and that allow the creation and exchange of user-generated content"(Kaplan Andreas M., Haenlein Michael (2010)). Through research based on different tools of social media such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube or ones that are not as focused on social networking as these three, such as text messaging and email. This article will establish that social media is a comprehensive tool that has been used time and again to train terrorists, communicate with them and recruit them with the help of online social media.
3). Through the media and Internet terrorists and extremists can also portray their ideologies and tactics in order to draw attention to other members as well as to recruit. When it comes to media coverage, it is understandable when media establishments are hacked and terrorist’ films and messages are publicized, however it shouldn’t be tolerated when such terrorist videos are shown to the world willingly instead of just providing the actual news in relation to an attack. “Terrorist attacks are designed to create an atmosphere of fear or a sense of threat. In any case, the terrorists need media publicity and the media needs a greater audience and profits” (Rehman, 2014, para.
The internet allows the terrorist to spread propaganda and video, recruit potential new members, and communicate with other terrorists the world over. This is why terror tactics have become so prominent. He knows that a savage attack, especially on a civilian target, guarantees him front-page news coverage. This is how these groups incubate fear in the general public, who will then begin to demand that their leaders take action, up to and including a complete pull-out. By this same token, the best way to tackle this extra-national threat is with information.
In recent years social media has played an extremely vital role in spreading information globally. Presently, almost every major news channel in developed countries has their own Twitter page. In many cases the use of social media has played a part in drawing public awareness to countries that are plagued with terror organizations that kidnap, murder, or oppress civilians. The use of social media in these countries has helped reduce the level of violence, instead giving people the opportunity to spread their opinion without using harsh methods such as riots or aggressive protests. Therefore, in countries where terror organizations carry out brutal attacks and kidnappings, the UN Council of Technology can patrol posts for key words to prevent
For this reason they are more likely to commit crimes in large cities where more people will be exposed and more forms of media will be there to witness and broadcast the events. "Students of terrorism have suggested that the media today are in fact a contributing factor, a weapon, in the hands of modern terrorists" (128). If this is true then it is possible the media needs to rethink how it exposes the world to terrorist attacks. The media's right to report Combs reminds us that members of the media often claim the unlimited right to have access to and report on all news, including terrorist events (129). Without that right, the media, as a business, would fail to be up on breaking news.