The intention of this essay is to discuss G.A Smith’s Mary Jane’s Mishaps (1903) and D.W Griffith’s The Birth of a Nation (1915) alongside established theoretical criticism, mainly Barry Salt and Tom Gunning in an attempt to demonstrate how the early development of narrative cinema has changed historically and influenced the films we see today. I will be closely looking at how cinema has developed its codes of intelligibility, and why it became a predominantly narrative medium. Before discussing the two films chosen and the debates between Barry Salt and Tom Gunning an understanding of how early film was first established must be attempted. Motion pictures have developed gradually throughout the years and have become an important tool of communication and entertainment in the 20th century and into the 21st century; having a substantial impact on the arts, technology and politics. The first public demonstration of moving film was Leaving the Lumiére Factory (1895); an actuality by the Lumiére brothers from France.
Vignier, I (2004). Shakespeare: The Tragic in Antony and Cleopatra. Received from the World Wide Web on 25th June 2005. Web address: http://www.english-literature.org/essays/antony-cleopatra.html 8. Williams, M. 2005.
The Donnie Darko Book. Faber & Faber, 2003. Klein, Andy. “Everything You Wanted to Know About Memento.” Salon.com ArtsEntertainment June 2001. Mar 2004 <http://dir.salon.com/ent/movies/feature/2001/06/28/memento_analysis/index.html?pn=1>.