Discuss the Laws surrounding waste in Scotland

Satisfactory Essays
Since the Victorian era there has been a sharp increase in the levels of waste that need to be disposed of and the nature of this waste has also changed dramatically.
In 2008 alone it was estimated that Scotland produced 20 million tonnes of controlled waste, with 2.9 million tonnes coming from household waste, 8.6 million from the construction sector and 7.9 million tonnes from the rest of the industrial and commercial sectors .
With the amount of waste produced year on year increasing it is important that the environmental and health impacts from the waste are effectively minimised. In response to these concerns the Scottish Government has introduced a new waste strategy in form of the Zero Waste Plan 2010¹ which highlights the need for all waste to be seen as a resource and takes on board the ideas of the EC Waste Directive 2008 to reduce, reuse, and recycle before considering waste for disposal to landfill. This plan sets targets that by 2025, 70% of waste should be recycled and that at most 5% of waste will be sent to landfill.
In order to achieve these ambitious targets there must be laws in place that will allow for the effective management of waste in Scotland. This essay will therefore examine the main waste laws and regulations in Scotland.

Waste law in Scotland
The law surrounding waste in Scotland is heavily fragmented and several different statutes make the provisions for waste in Scotland such as the Environmental Protection Act 1990 .
Environmental Protection Act 1990 (EPA)
The EPA 1990, which implements the EC Waste Framework Directive, is currently the most important statue that regulates waste in Scotland as it prohibits the unlawful deposit of controlled waste, unless it is at a landfill site...

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...f the public to apply for an abatement notice in cases where there is litter in a public place; this will be served to the responsible body that will have to fulfil the obligations required under section 89 .
Furthermore, local authorities can issue street litter control notices to specific premises to ensure that that the street and public areas that are in the proximity of the premises are kept clear and they are also able to designate land to prevent distribution of free printed material. Lastly the local authorities are entitled to seize any abandoned shopping or luggage trollies and either return them to their owners and impose a fine, or dispose of them .
In addition to the EPA there now the Code of Practice on Litter and Refuse (Scotland) 2006 regulations which provides guidance on how the local authorities will best fulfil their duties under the EPA.
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