Difference Between New England Colonies And Chesapeake Colonies

1758 Words4 Pages

Grayson Kennedy
24 September 2014
Dr. Hoang
HIST 204

Essay 1: New England and Chesapeake Colonies During the late 16th and into the 17th century, European countries expeditiously colonized the recently discovered Americas. In particular, England sent out many groups to the east coast of North America to two main regions. From the beginning, both the Chesapeake and New England region had distinct identities. The differences between the two colonies were spurred from a single, crucial factor: the initial reason the colonists came to the New World. The varied motives played a key role in how the societies developed, affecting each colony in every way: economically, socially and politically. England initiated colonization during the 16th century, …show more content…

The Chesapeake economy was centered on the tobacco industry, paving the way for many other industries. Slave trade depended on the tobacco market, as plantation owners would purchase and trade for slaves when needed. The tobacco industry raised enough to support imported indentured slaves who would then go work in the tobacco industry. This would increase production creating a cycle, resulting in the increasing population as well as the production and sale of the tobacco. Farming in New England was done on a much smaller scale. Farms were usually just big enough to support one's family due to the family oriented society influenced by the strong religious values in society. Simply stated, this was because New England's focus was not economic …show more content…

In the beginning, farming was done by indentured servants, but Chesapeake farmers began looking for alternative sources. As a solution, many turned towards African slaves to help with labor shortages. The wealthy plantation owners would invest in African slaves, increasing the number of slaves as the cash crops continued to grow. The African slaves were treated just as bad if not worse than the natives in the Chesapeake colony. In the eyes of the Chesapeake colony, the African slaves were ruining the industry of the white people, but by no means were they practicing the “inhumanity that is practiced in the Islands” (Reading 4, p. 2). According to Landon Carter in Reading 4, p. 5, “Slaves are devils and to make them otherwise than slaves will be to set devils free.” Thankfully for the slaves, this was not the case everywhere in America. Many slaves would attempt to leave plantations and make a run for the North, where more rights had already been established for black men than that of the South. Due to the lack of large farming practices, slaves were not as highly demanded as in the Chesapeake colony because there was little labor for slaves to do. These slaves would be expensive to feed and purchase, as farms were usually just family sized in New England, providing little food for extra workers. Because of this inconvenience, African slavery was not as widely

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