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Deviance And Crime Essay

explanatory Essay
1622 words
1622 words
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According to the Uniform Crime Reports gathered by the FBI and the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the rate of criminal behavior and deviance can be directly linked to the environment in which people are raised. Between 2008 and 2012, the rate of nonfatal violent victimization in poor regions was double that of upper class regions. In order to understand how the environment relates to deviance and crime, an examination of its effects on people’s socialization must be conducted. As stated before, the environment plays an enormous role in the development of delinquency and crime. The reason for this lies in the socialization, interactions, and economic status of people. The first role of the environment, under examination, is socialization. The …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that criminal behavior and deviance can be directly linked to the environment in which people are raised.
  • Explains that the early stages of a child's life are the most important because they learn the acceptable values, behaviors, attitudes, and actions determined by the environment around them.
  • Explains that deviant and criminal behavior is learned through social interactions with other people in society, and just like learning in school, crime can be learned in the same fashion.
  • Explains that the link between poverty and crime can be seen in carroll d. wright's article, "ignorance of work, lack of technical training prevents the mobilization of labor and compels men with weak conscience to commit crime."
  • Opines that people cannot attain their goals when obstacles like a lack of education and opportunity block their path.
  • Opines that society should stop stigmatizing people with a criminal record, instead of using tactics and other methods to prevent crime.

This is known as the theory of differential association which states that “people commit crime when their social learning leads them to perceive more definitions favoring crime than favoring conventional behavior.” (Criminology) According to Edwin Sutherland, deviant and criminal behavior is learned through social interactions with other people in society, and just like learning in school, crime can be learned in the same fashion. As a result crime is more prevalent in environments where crime and deviant behavior is more acceptable, like in poor inner cities. Most of these inner city environments lack opportunities meaning that they do not provide the people living there with the structure they need for success. This along with constant exposure to gangs and illegal activities are what lead people to participate in these types of deviant behaviors. Interactions with gangs along with “Social interactions seem to create a sense of invulnerability and a willingness to violate social norms and take risks, as long as one is in the company of likeminded individuals.” (Crime and Social Interactions) As long as people have a support system, they will continue to commit illegal acts like robbery. The reason for this is linked to the interactions they make with the people around them. If people observe others making money off of illegal activities when they can barely support themselves off of legal work, the vast majority will quit their job in order to participate in the process of making a profit off of illegal activity. As stated before crime and deviance is learned through social interactions and

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