Aristotle agreed with Plato that knowledge is something that’s true and it must be justified. Their metaphysics caused us to think way beyond our nature and explore distinctive ways of viewing everything that exists and not exist in our presence. What defines philosophy? The Greek words “wisdom” and “love”, which seeks the quest for knowledge. Now, all these questions that we ask ourselves about life and the meaning of our existence is found in the minds of our most famous philosophers.
Plato took it up as a principle of Being. “If the concept represents all the reality of things, the reality must be something in the ideal order, not necessarily in the things themselves, but rather above them, in a world by itself” (Chaput, C. p.2). For the concept,therefore, Plato substitutes the Idea. He completes the work of Socrates by teaching that the objectively real Ideas are the foundation and justification of scientific knowledge. At the same time he has in mind a problem which claimed much attention from pre-Socratic thinkers, the problem of change.
Plato vs. Aristotle Plato and Aristotle, two philosophers in the 4th century, hold polar views on politics and philosophy in general. This fact is very cleverly illustrated by Raphael's "School of Athens" (1510-11; Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican), where Plato is portrayed looking up to the higher forms; and Aristotle is pointing down because he supports the natural sciences. In a discussion of politics, the stand point of each philosopher becomes an essential factor. It is not coincidental that Plato states in The Republic that Philosopher Rulers who possess knowledge of the good should be the governors in a city state. His strong interest in metaphysics is demonstrated in The Republic various times: for example, the similes of the cave, the sun, and the line, and his theory of the forms.
Plato continues to set out in his idea of the ideal state. But, he realizes that philosophically justice simply can’t be fully understood unless seen in a spectrum to the concept of the good, which is the supreme principle of order and truth. In the Republic, Plato shows how sometimes philosophy is like trying to look at both sides of a regular door, when maybe you should be trying to look at both sides of carousel swinging door. Plato also argues for the reality of ideas as the only way to be sure of ethical standards and of objective scientific knowledge. In the Republic and the Phaedo Plato suggests his theory of forms.
Other than the epistemological differences of these two philosophers both also showed severe differences in their metaphysical ideas. Aristotle is the archetype for the naturalistic belief upon life while Socrates believed in a world of forms that Aristotle refuted. These two philosophers' beliefs mostly do not stand today but they are constantly reconciled because of their ingenious during their time period and both philosophers are still thought of as original fathers of philosophy.
Some philosophers view free will as non existent , while others argue that it really exists and I strongly agree with the latter . Every philosopher view the world according to his own culture and religion and that's why each of them created different hypothesis and theories . Some argue that the environment plays a major role in shaping a person's personality and therefore is held responsible for all his actions . Others claim that nature in itself has the upper hand with regard to the actions of human beings. While Blatchford stressed that predicting a person's actions proves the non existence of free will .
In Plato’s The Republic and Hobbes’ Leviathan they discuss sovereign power, sovereign power being the absolute power that a state is governed. They each discuss their opinion on the basis of sovereign power; in addition they found and justify the exercise of sovereign power. The ideas of two of the greatest philosophers of all time have many differences, but also have some similarities. In The Republic, Plato discusses how the formation of societies comes from the natural weakness of humans. Plato firmly believes in a hierarchal system within a state.
In this essay I discussed the influence that Pre-Socratics had on both Platonic and Aristotelian movements of thought. Although I analyzed the former more than the latter, I did elaborate sufficiently to show that the Pre-Socratics were of great importance to both Plato and Socrates. Pre-Socratic thinking was very important in Ancient Greek Philosophy, as well to us philosophy students who are trying to learn the roots of great philosophical thinking. Pre-Socratic thinking was the beginning of philosophy, and philosophers ought to search the roots of it to have a solid foundation of philosophy. Works Cited Kolak, Daniel, and Garrett Thomson.
This proper functioning and purpose comprises o... ... middle of paper ... ...ieve in our sensory capacity, nor did Aristotle, as he believed that reason is the true self of every human being. Overall, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were all rationalists who saw logic at the heart of human essence. St. Augustine's theory of human nature revolved around will being our dominant feature, rather than reason, as proposed by the classical Greek philosophers Socrates, Aristotle and Plato. According to St. Augustine, will is our defining feature, causing it to surpass our sense of rationale as it has the capability of being good or evil, unlike reason. St. Augustine also asserted that evil and bad decisions led to ignorance, while the ancient Greek thinkers believed that ignorance caused bad decisions to be made.
As Socrates' young pupil, he was the founder of 'the Academy' and many philosophical theories and dialogues. His most important work was in political and social philosophy; namely in his most famous book simply called Republic. In this book, Plato was concerned with the question of justice and therefore with the questions what is a just state? and who is a just individual? According to Plato, the ideal state was composed of three classes: the workers and the artisans, the soldiers and the rulers.